Moses V. Chao

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Moses Chao

Professor, Department of Cell Biology;Professor, Department of Neuroscience Institute;Professor, Department of Psychiatry
Skirball Institute

Contact Info

212/263-0721
moses.chao@med.nyu.edu

Research Summary

The generation and differentiation of neurons and glial cells are dependent upon cell-cell interactions mediated by a wide variety of growth factors and cytokines. The laboratory is interested in receptor-mediated mechanisms that direct cell differentiation versus cell proliferation in the nervous system. A major goal is to identify the biochemical steps that provide specificity in NGF signaling. Control of cell survival and death by neurotrophins is dictated by an unusual transduction system consisting of two transmembrane receptors, the TrkA tyrosine kinase and the p75 neurotrophin receptor, a member of the TNF receptor superfamily. Members of the NGF family are responsible for neuronal cell survival by activating Trk tyrosine kinases. However, NGF can have the opposite effect, promoting a cell death signal through the p75 receptor. NGF can induce apoptosis of mature oligodendrocytes cultured from rat cerebral cortex. NGF binding to oligodendrocytes expressing the p75 receptor, but not TrkA, resulted in an increase c-jun kinase and caspase activity. Therefore, NGF has the ability of promoting cell survival and cell death in specific cell types through novel signaling mechanisms involving TrkA and p75 receptors. The structural and biochemical features of these two receptors are being defined together with their intracellular signaling mechanisms.

In addition to receptor signal transduction, cell cycle regulation of CNS progenitor cells is being studied. For example, extensive changes in the levels of CDK2 kinase and the cell cycle inhibitor, p27Kip, accompany the differentiation of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells. CDK inhibitors such as p27 negatively regulate G1 phase progression by disrupting cyclin D-CDK4 complexes and cyclin E-CDK2 complexes. The signals necessary for glial cell growth arrest and differentiation are being studied. As a longterm goal, the axonal signals that trigger myelination by oligodendrocyte and Schwann cells will be approached by a combination of molecular and cellular approaches.

Research Interests

Molecular Mechanisms of Trophic Factor Action

BONLAC: A Combinatorial Proteomic Technique to Measure Stimulus-induced Translational Profiles in Brain Slices
Bowling, Heather; Bhattacharya, Aditi; Zhang, Guoan; Lebowitz, Joseph Z; Alam, Danyal; Smith, Peter T; Kirshenbaum, Kent; Neubert, Thomas A; Vogel, Christine; Chao, Moses V; Klann, Eric
2015-07-26; 1873-7064,Neuropharmacology - id: 1684102, year: 2015 REVIEW; JOURNAL ARTICLE

Rare variants in the neurotrophin signaling pathway implicated in schizophrenia risk
Kranz, Thorsten M; Goetz, Ray R; Walsh-Messinger, Julie; Goetz, Deborah; Antonius, Daniel; Dolgalev, Igor; Heguy, Adriana; Seandel, Marco; Malaspina, Dolores; Chao, Moses V
2015-08-02; 1573-2509,Schizophrenia research - id: 1698442, year: 2015 JOURNAL ARTICLE

De novo mutations from sporadic schizophrenia cases highlight important signaling genes in an independent sample
Kranz, Thorsten M; Harroch, Sheila; Manor, Orly; Lichtenberg, Pesach; Friedlander, Yechiel; Seandel, Marco; Harkavy-Friedman, Jill; Walsh-Messinger, Julie; Dolgalev, Igor; Heguy, Adriana; Chao, Moses V; Malaspina, Dolores
2015-06-21; 1573-2509,Schizophrenia research - id: 1631132, year: 2015 JOURNAL ARTICLE

Oxytocin enables maternal behaviour by balancing cortical inhibition
Marlin, Bianca J; Mitre, Mariela; D'amour, James A; Chao, Moses V; Froemke, Robert C
2015-04-20; 1476-4687,Nature - id: 1533032, year: 2015 JOURNAL ARTICLE

Slitrk5 Mediates BDNF-Dependent TrkB Receptor Trafficking and Signaling
Song, Minseok; Giza, Joanna; Proenca, Catia C; Jing, Deqiang; Elliott, Mark; Dincheva, Iva; Shmelkov, Sergey V; Kim, Jihye; Schreiner, Ryan; Huang, Shu-Hong; Castren, Eero; Prekeris, Rytis; Hempstead, Barbara L; Chao, Moses V; Dictenberg, Jason B; Rafii, Shahin; Chen, Zhe-Yu; Rodriguez-Boulan, Enrique; Lee, Francis S
2015-06-28; 1878-1551,Developmental cell - id: 1640322, year: 2015 Journal Article