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Lifestyle Changes to Manage Cataracts

by Rick Alan

Although surgery is the only treatment that will cure a cataract, there are some measures that may help control some symptoms of cataracts.

General Guidelines for Managing Cataracts

Wear Sunglasses

Wearing UVA and UVB blocking sunglasses can help reduce glare and bright sunlight that affects people with cataracts.

Wear A Hat

Wearing a hat (indoors or out) can also protect your eyes from sunlight and fluorescent light.

Avoid Fluorescent Light

Avoiding fluorescent light can help reduce the vision difficulty that glare and bright sunlight cause for people with cataracts. Some people find that using standard 60- to 100-watt light bulbs instead of fluorescent lights can help reduce glare indoors.

When to Contact Your Health Care Provider

  • You should contact your eye doctor and discuss having surgery for cataracts when your vision difficulties get to the point where:
  • You feel unsafe or uncomfortable
  • You are unable to perform normal daily tasks or activities, such as:
    • Reading
    • Driving
    • Watching television
    • Cooking
    • Taking medications

Cataract surgery is much safer and more successful than in the past. Today some eye doctors and surgeons recommend having cataract surgery sooner rather than later, because delaying the surgery may make it more difficult to perform.


American Academy of Ophthalmology

The Merck Manual of Medical Information, 17th edition. Simon and Schuster, Inc.;2000.

National Eye Institute

Last reviewed October 2004 by Kimberly Rask, MD, PhD

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