(Bartholin’s Cyst; Greater Vestibular Gland Cyst; Bartholin Gland Abscess)
Bar-tho-lynn Gland Sist
Bartholin glands are located on either side of the entrance to the vagina. A cyst is a pocket of fluid in the tissue around these glands. If the cyst becomes infected, it is called a bartholin gland abscess.
Bartholin glands make fluid that lubricates the vagina. If the glands become blocked, the fluid can back up and create a cyst. Sometimes, bacteria or viruses can develop in this fluid and lead to an infection.
Women with a history of cysts are more likely to develop a Bartholin gland cyst.
Sexually transmitted infections may also increase the risk of an infected cyst.
Symptoms may include:
- A painless or tender lump on either side of the opening of the vagina
- A lump that may grow in size over time
- Pain with activities such as walking or intercourse
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will