The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb). A special magnifying device with a light, called a colposcope, can be used to visually examine the cervix and vagina.
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Reasons for Procedure
Colposcopy is usually done when a:
- Pap test is abnormal
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) test is positive for certain subtypes (These subtypes place you at an increased risk for developing cancer.)
This procedure can be used to:
Complications are rare. But, no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have colposcopy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications. These may include:
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
In the 24 hours before the procedure, your doctor may advise you to avoid:
- Having sexual intercourse
- Using medicine or creams in your vagina
Usually no anesthesia is needed. In certain cases, the cervix may be numbed with a local anesthetic.
Description of the Procedure
You will lie on your back with your feet in footrests. A device called a speculum will be inserted into your vagina. The speculum will gently spread apart the vaginal walls. The inside of th