Buerger’s disease is inflammation of blood vessels. This condition particularly affects the vessels in the hands and feet. Inflammation and blood clots can form and block blood flow, leading to pain, tissue damage, and even tissue death.
The exact cause is not known.
The main risk factor is tobacco use. This includes smoking cigarettes , using chewing tobacco, smoking cigars, or using any other type of tobacco.
Other risk factors include:
- Gender: males
- Age: 20-40 years old
- Geographic location: Eastern Europe, the Mediterranean, and Asian countries (Buerger's disease is not very common in the US.)
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The symptoms are due to blood not being able to flow properly. People with this condition usually first have problems in their hands and feet. They may experience: