(Counseling; Emotion-Based Psychotherapy; Individual Therapy; Psychosocial Therapy; Talk Therapy)
Mental health concerns may be caused by a combination of physiological and emotional triggers. Psychotherapy can help patients cope by decreasing the effects of emotional triggers.
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Psychotherapy is a general term for a range of different types of therapy, such as:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy —focuses on how thoughts affect feelings and behavior and altering those thoughts
- Interpersonal therapy—focuses on improving interaction with others and current relationship problems
- Psychodynamic therapy—focuses on childhood experiences, internal conflicts, and problematic thoughts or feelings about yourself
The emphasis is on the relationship between patient and therapist. The goal is to reduce symptoms and improve functioning.
Reasons for Therapy
Psychotherapy can be used for a range of mental health conditions, such as:
- Anxiety disorders , such as obsessive-compulsive disorder , phobias, panic disorder , or post-traumatic stress disorder
- Mood disorders, such as depression or bipolar disorder
- Addictions, such as alcohol , drugs , or gambling
- Eating disorders, such as anorexia or bulimia
- Personality disorders, such as borderline personality disorder or antisocial personality disorder
Mental health conditions can negatively affect your relationships and life. The goal of working with a therapist is to reduce your risk of:
- Emotional pain
- Relationship conflicts
- Doing poorly at work
- Drug use
- Suicidal thoughts or attempts—It is important to remember that, if left untreated, mental health conditions like depression can lead to suicide.
Psychotherapy can also be helpful if you are facing difficult challenges, like:
- Dealing with the loss of a loved one
- Coping with a serious illness or traumatic event
Psychotherapy can improve your symptoms and help you to function better. By working with your therapist, you will gain insight and coping skills.
During therapy sessions, you may feel upset or uncomfortable. This is because you will be facing difficult feelings and events. If you have a phobia, like fear of heights, your therapist may slowly expose you to this fear. This can cause anxiety.
Also, you may not feel comfortable with the first therapist you meet. It is important for your treatment that you have a good connection with your therapist. You can get referrals from many places. Examples include your doctor, friends and family, mental health organizations, and your health insurance company.