Drug withdrawal is a reaction the body can have if a person suddenly stops using drugs or alcohol. This can occur if the person has been using drugs or alcohol regularly. Depending on the type and amount of drug you were using, withdrawal can be a life-threatening condition.
Drug withdrawal can be caused by medications, alcohol, or illegal drugs.
Factors that increase your chances of drug withdrawal include:
Anxiety is a symptom of drug withdrawal from substances like cocaine and alcohol.
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Withdrawal symptoms are different based on what you used. Symptoms may include:
- Marijuana—loss of appetite, chills, weight loss, trouble sleeping or sleeping too much, irritability, feeling restless or nervous
- Alcohol—shaking, hallucinations, seizures, confusion, anxiety, sweating, nausea
- Barbiturates—weakness, tremors, hallucinations, lack of appetite, seizures
- Opioids—abdominal pain or cramps, muscle aches, panic, tremors, sweating, nausea, diarrhea, fever, chills, irritability, goose pimples, runny nose, drug craving, inability to sleep, yawning
- Benzodiazepines—abdominal pain or cramps, fast heartbeat, vomiting, tremors, seizures, anxiety
- Cocaine—anxiety, feeling tired, depression
- Amphetamines—depression, irritability, sleeping too much, muscle aches, abdominal pain
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your doctor may recommend blood and urine tests.