Phosphorus is the second most abundant mineral in the body, after calcium. About 85% of phosphorus in the body exists in bone.
Phosphorus’ functions include:
- Forming bones and teeth
- Growing, maintaining, and repairing of cells and tissues
- Synthesizing and activating proteins, such as enzymes and hormones
- Maintaining acid-base balance
- Producing, regulating, and transferring energy in the body
- Converting carbohydrates, protein, and fat into energy
- Important cell membrane component
- Important in hemoglobin’s oxygen delivery function
Recommended Dietary Allowance
|0-6 months||No RDA; Adequate Intake (AI) = 100|
|7-12 months||No RDA; AI = 275|
|19 years and older||700|
|Pregnancy and lactation, 18 years and younger||1,250|
|Pregnancy and lactation, 19 years and older||700|
Phosphorus deficiency is called hypophosphatemia. Since phosphorus is present in such a large variety of foods, dietary phosphorus deficiency is rare.
Symptoms of hypophosphatemia may include:
Phosphorus toxicity is rare in people with normal kidney function. However, those with kidney problems may experience hyperphosphatemia, or elevated levels of phosphorus in the blood. Hyperphosphatemia can result in decreased levels of calcium in the blood and overproduction of parathyroid hormone, which can lead to bone loss.
The following table shows the upper intake levels for phosphorus. But, it's important to note that these levels are not created for people with kidney disease. If you have problems with your kidneys and are concerned about your phosphorus intake, talk to your doctor.
Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)|
|0-12 months||This amount has not been established.|
|70 years and older||3,000|
|Pregnancy and lactation||3,500 and 4,000|
Major Food Sources
Are you looking to add more phosphorus to your diet? Here are some good food sources:
|Skim milk||8 ounces (227 grams)||247|
|Plain, nonfat yogurt||8 ounces (227 grams)||385|
|Part-skim mozzarella cheese||1 ounce (28 grams)||131|
|Beef||3 ounces (85 grams)||173|
|Chicken||3 ounces (85 grams)||155|
|Turkey||3 ounces (85 grams)||173|
|Fish (halibut)||3 ounces (85 grams)||242|
|Fish (salmon)||3 ounces (85 grams)||252|
|Almonds||1 ounce (28 grams)||134|
|Peanuts||1 ounce (28 grams)||107|
|Lentils||4 ounces (113 grams)||178|
Last reviewed April 2013 by Brian Randall, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.