(Chronic Kidney Disease)
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Chronic renal failure is an deficiency in kidney function. Kidneys clean waste from the blood, which passes out of the body in urine.
Chronic renal failure is often caused by diseases such as:
The following factors increase your chance of developing chronic renal failure. If you have any of these risk factors, tell your doctor:
- Race: African Americans more than Caucasians
- Genetics: type 1 diabetes , polycystic kidney disease
- High blood pressure
- Smoking cigarettes
- Heavy alcohol consumption
- Urinary reflux, also known as vesicoureteral
- Chronic urinary tract infections
- Exposure to high levels of lead
- Being overweight or obese
- Other family members with kidney disease
- A previous kidney transplant
- Not sleeping well
- Less desire to eat than usual
- Shortness of breath
- Altered taste
- Altered mental state
Your doctors will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Your bodily fluids and tissues may be tested. This can be done with:
- Blood tests
Images may be taken of your kidneys. This can be done with ultrasound .
Patients who are already at high risk for kidney disease should be tested more frequently so any damage can be diagnosed early. Patients with kidney disease will be referred to a specialist called a nephrologist, who is dedicated to managing kidney diseases.
Although chronic kidney disease cannot be cured, it is possible to slow the damage to the kidney in most patients. Your doctor may recommend any of the following:
- Controlling protein in the urine by restricting the amount of protein in the