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Definition  

Hyperosmolar nonketotic coma occurs in people with diabetes . It is a life-threatening event. Seek medical attention right away if you think you have any symptoms of an impending hyperosmolar nonketotic coma.

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Causes  

Hyperosmolar nonketotic coma is a complication of very high blood glucose levels. Blood glucose often rises to these levels because of an illness or infection.

The body will try to get rid of the extra blood glucose through the urine. The frequency and volume of urination will increase. Unfortunately, this process also washes out other substances in your blood. Some of these substances are important to your brain. Low levels of these substances can lead to seizures , coma , and eventually death.

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Risk Factors  

The chance of hyperosmolar nonketotic coma is higher in older adults.

Other factors that may increase your chance of hyperosmolar nonketotic coma include having diabetes and:

  • Poorly monitored glucose levels
  • Infection
  • Taking certain medications, such as diuretics, steroids, anticonvulsants, or chemotherapy drugs