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A chalazion is a hard bump that forms on the eyelid.
A chalazion can form when the duct leading from a gland of the eyelid becomes blocked. This gland produces an oily substance. The this oil that lubricates the margins of the eyelid and the front of the eye. When the duct becomes blocked, the oily substance can harden. This causes a chalazion to form near the edge of the eyelid. This condition can become recur.
Factors that increase your risk for a chalazion:
The initial symptom is a small swelling on the eyelid. It may look like a stye. It may or may not be painful. After a few days, the swelling on the eyelid often begins to harden. The bump grow slowly into a hard lump.
A chalazion can cause complications, though not often. Complications may include:
- Localized infection at the site of the chalazion
- Visual problems due to the chalazion pushing against and distorting the shape of the eye
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms. An eye exam will be done. Rarely, a sample of fluid from the chalazion is taken and tested in a lab.
A chalazion will often disappear on its own. Treatment may include:
A warm compresses is applied to the affected eyelid several times a day. Fol