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Bone Marrow Biopsy  
Bone biopsy

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Definition  

A bone marrow biopsy is the removal of a sample of bone marrow for testing. The procedure is most often done on the pelvic bone. It may also be done on the sternum.

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Reasons for Procedure  

A bone marrow biopsy may be done to:

  • Evaluate a low red blood cell count ( anemia ), low white blood cell count (leucopenia), or low platelet count (thrombocytopenia)
  • Diagnose and stage lymphoma or solid tumors
  • Diagnose, monitor, and evaluate leukemias
  • Evaluate iron level problems
  • Evaluate for causes of unexplained spleen enlargement—splenomegaly
  • Evaluate other blood disorders or diseases that may affect the bone marrow
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Possible Complications  

Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have this procedure, your doctor will review a list of possible complications which may include:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding

Some risk factors for complications during this procedure include:

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What to Expect  

Prior to Procedure  

Your doctor may do a physical exam and blood tests.

Talk to your doctor about your medications. You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to one week before the procedure, like:

  • Anti-inflammatory drugs<