Frozen shoulder is a tightening of the shoulder joint. It results in a loss of movement and pain at the shoulder joint.
In frozen shoulder:
- Active range of motion is lost—You cannot move your shoulder well.
- Passive range of motion is lost—Someone trying to move your arm at the shoulder joint will find it stiff and difficult to move.
This condition may get worse over time. After a period of time, the shoulder may also improve spontaneously. This improvement is called thawing.
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
Frozen shoulder is caused by tightening of the soft tissues. This includes the capsule that surrounds the joint.
Factors that increase your risk for frozen shoulder include:
- Painful shoulder
- Inability to move the arm at the shoulder joint, either by yourself or by someone else
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history and perform a physical exam. The doctor will test the range of motion in your shoulder.
Tests may include:
Treatment focuses on:
- Relieving pain
- Restoring function and range of motion to the shoulder