Investigators in the Epidemiology and Cancer Control Research Program focus on three broad areas of study:
- Epidemiology and Biomarkers: to identify causes of cancer in human populations and improve means of cancer burden reduction through novel biomarkers.
- Behavioral Interventions: to reduce cancer burden by obesity control and tobacco use reduction and by improving participation in effective early detection programs for cancer.
- Cancer Care and Outcomes: to conduct cross-disciplinary health services research focusing on health care quality and effectiveness.
To meet the needs of the medically underserved in our region, we put a high priority on research to address cancer disparities in conjunction with the Perlmutter Cancer Center’s Center for the Elimination of Cancer Disparities.
Specific research areas include:
Epidemiology and Biomarkers
- Discovery of environmental factors that cause lung cancer
- Discovery of metabolic and reproductive factors that promote the development of breast and ovarian cancer
- Discovery of novel genetic variants and epigenetic regulators that increase risk for common cancers
- Discovery of relationships between the human microbiome and cancer risk
- Development of new biomarker-based approaches for the early detection of cancer
- Discovery of genetic and tissue-based prediction markers for cancer progression and prognosis
- Identification of biomarkers to monitor and control cancer pain
- Evaluation of policy and systems approaches to obesity control in diverse populations
- Pursuit of novel approaches to tobacco use reduction
- Identification of potential hazards of hookah (waterpipe) and other emerging tobacco use products
- Development of approaches to increase participation in cancer early detection programs through community-based outreach
Cancer Care and Outcomes
- Assessment of cost, quality, effectiveness and efficiency of oncology care
- Characterization of health conditions (co-morbidities) that impact the success of cancer treatment
- Evaluation of needs of cancer patient caregivers and implementation of support programs