Robert Clancy

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Robert Clancy

Associate Professor, Department of Medicine

Contact Info

Address
301 East 17th Street
New York, NY 10003

212/263-0751
Robert.Clancy@nyumc.org

Research Summary

The interaction between the extracellular matrix and cells affects a wide spectrum of cellular processes including migration, growth, death, capacity to degrade matrix, capacity to synthesize matrix, differentiation, and cell attachment. In human neutrophils, we study signalling by beta1 integrin receptors which contribute to cell attachment and migration. Additionally, we study the effect of nitric oxide, an inflammatory mediator, on the signalling pathways. Neutrophils help destroy foreign invaders at tissue sites but first must reversibly undergo cell attachment through the endothelium and matrix. We hypothesize that nitric oxide modulates matrix-cell interaction by the reversible inhibition of neutrophil attachment to fibronectin (ligand for beta1 integrin)-coated surfaces. We recently showed that nitric oxide inhibits adherence associated with a stimulation of actin-ADP ribosylation. In bovine chondrocytes, we study signalling by beta1 integrin receptors which contribute to the capacity to degrade matrix and differentiation. We hypothesize that nitric oxide, a mediator of arthritis, inhibits chondrocyte adherence and cell capacity to contribute to matrix synthesis and breakdown. Recently, we studied signalling by beta1 integrins in chondrocytes by measuring protein accumulation to contact sites in chondrocytes exposed to fibronectin-coated and albumin-coated beads. Chondrocytes exposed to albumin-coated beads failed to generate a response, but cytoskeletal and signalling molecules accumulated to fibronectin-coated and albumin-coated beads which include polymerized actin, focal adhesion kinase, and the accumulation of tyrosine phosphorylated proteins (see Figure). Prior treatment of chondrocytes with catabolic cytokines (which stimulate nitric oxide synthesis) prevent the response. Collectively, our results suggest that nitric oxide induced a persistently altered chondrocyte phenotype (chondrocytes incapable of signalling via beta 1 integrins) which might be reversed or prevented by using nitric oxide antagonists. A persistently altered state in chondrocytes would greatly change the ability of such chondrocytes to mature and perhaps result in the changes seen in arthritis.

Research Interests

Molecular Mechanism of beta1 Integrin Signal Transduction

Endosomal Toll-like receptors in clinically overt and silent autoimmunity
Clancy, Robert M; Markham, Androo J; Buyon, Jill P. Endosomal Toll-like receptors in clinically overt and silent autoimmunity. Immunological reviews. 2016 Jan ;269(1):76-84 (1878232)

Modulation of natural IgM autoantibodies to oxidative stress-related neo-epitopes on apoptotic cells in newborns of mothers with anti-Ro autoimmunity
Gronwall, Caroline; Clancy, Robert M; Getu, Lelise; Lloyd, Katy A; Siegel, Don L; Reed, Joanne H; Buyon, Jill P; Silverman, Gregg J. Modulation of natural IgM autoantibodies to oxidative stress-related neo-epitopes on apoptotic cells in newborns of mothers with anti-Ro autoimmunity. Journal of autoimmunity. 2016 Jun 8;73:30-41 (2144902)

Fetal Demise Due to Anti-Ro Mediated Congenital Heart Block Is Not Predicted by Assessment of Levels of Soluble Immune Mediators in Maternal Blood.
Mehta-Lee, Shilpi; Ades, Veronica; Clancy, Robert; James, Judith; Buyon, Jill. Fetal Demise Due to Anti-Ro Mediated Congenital Heart Block Is Not Predicted by Assessment of Levels of Soluble Immune Mediators in Maternal Blood. [Meeting Abstract]. Reproductive sciences (Thousand Oaks, Calif.). 2016 MAR;23:205A-205A (2079702)

Levels of Soluble Immune Mediators Do Not Vary According to Ethnicity in Mothers of Infants Affected by Anti-Ro Mediated Congenital Heart Block.
Mehta-Lee, Shilpi; Clancy, Robert; James, Judith; Buyon, Jill. Levels of Soluble Immune Mediators Do Not Vary According to Ethnicity in Mothers of Infants Affected by Anti-Ro Mediated Congenital Heart Block. [Meeting Abstract]. Reproductive sciences (Thousand Oaks, Calif.). 2016 MAR;23:288A-288A (2079502)

Digestion of Chromatin in Apoptotic Cell Microparticles Prevents Autoimmunity
Sisirak, Vanja; Sally, Benjamin; D'Agati, Vivette; Martinez-Ortiz, Wilnelly; Ozcakar, Z Birsin; David, Joseph; Rashidfarrokhi, Ali; Yeste, Ada; Panea, Casandra; Chida, Asiya Seema; Bogunovic, Milena; Ivanov, Ivaylo I; Quintana, Francisco J; Sanz, Inaki; Elkon, Keith B; Tekin, Mustafa; Yalcinkaya, Fatos; Cardozo, Timothy J; Clancy, Robert M; Buyon, Jill P; Reizis, Boris. Digestion of Chromatin in Apoptotic Cell Microparticles Prevents Autoimmunity. Cell. 2016 Jun 9;166(1):88-101 (2144952)