Robert Clancy

Biosketch / Results /

Robert Clancy

Associate Professor, Department of Medicine

Contact Info

Address
550 First Avenue
New York, NY 10016

212/263-0751
Robert.Clancy@nyumc.org

Research Summary

The interaction between the extracellular matrix and cells affects a wide spectrum of cellular processes including migration, growth, death, capacity to degrade matrix, capacity to synthesize matrix, differentiation, and cell attachment. In human neutrophils, we study signalling by beta1 integrin receptors which contribute to cell attachment and migration. Additionally, we study the effect of nitric oxide, an inflammatory mediator, on the signalling pathways. Neutrophils help destroy foreign invaders at tissue sites but first must reversibly undergo cell attachment through the endothelium and matrix. We hypothesize that nitric oxide modulates matrix-cell interaction by the reversible inhibition of neutrophil attachment to fibronectin (ligand for beta1 integrin)-coated surfaces. We recently showed that nitric oxide inhibits adherence associated with a stimulation of actin-ADP ribosylation. In bovine chondrocytes, we study signalling by beta1 integrin receptors which contribute to the capacity to degrade matrix and differentiation. We hypothesize that nitric oxide, a mediator of arthritis, inhibits chondrocyte adherence and cell capacity to contribute to matrix synthesis and breakdown. Recently, we studied signalling by beta1 integrins in chondrocytes by measuring protein accumulation to contact sites in chondrocytes exposed to fibronectin-coated and albumin-coated beads. Chondrocytes exposed to albumin-coated beads failed to generate a response, but cytoskeletal and signalling molecules accumulated to fibronectin-coated and albumin-coated beads which include polymerized actin, focal adhesion kinase, and the accumulation of tyrosine phosphorylated proteins (see Figure). Prior treatment of chondrocytes with catabolic cytokines (which stimulate nitric oxide synthesis) prevent the response. Collectively, our results suggest that nitric oxide induced a persistently altered chondrocyte phenotype (chondrocytes incapable of signalling via beta 1 integrins) which might be reversed or prevented by using nitric oxide antagonists. A persistently altered state in chondrocytes would greatly change the ability of such chondrocytes to mature and perhaps result in the changes seen in arthritis.

Research Keywords

molecular mechanism of beta1 integrin signal transduction

Development of autoimmune diseases and genetic predisposition in children with neonatal lupus and their unaffected siblings
Romero, A G; Izmirly, P M; Ainsworth, H C; Marion, M; Langefeld, C; Clancy, R; Buyon, J P; Saxena, A. Development of autoimmune diseases and genetic predisposition in children with neonatal lupus and their unaffected siblings [Meeting Abstract]. Arthritis & rheumatology. 2016 October;Conference:(American):4169-4170 (2397782)

Apolipoprotein l1 risk variants associate with prevalent cardiovascular disease in african american systemic lupus erythematous patients
Blazer, A; Clancy, R M; Belmont, H M; Izmirly, P M; Markham, A; Buyon, J P. Apolipoprotein l1 risk variants associate with prevalent cardiovascular disease in african american systemic lupus erythematous patients [Meeting Abstract]. Arthritis & rheumatology. 2016 October;Conference:(American):4151-4152 (2397852)

Dermal fibroblasts from patients with lupus nephritis express an anti-fibrotic transcriptome
Clancy, R M; Der, E; Akat, K; Broder, A R; Belmont, H M; Izmirly, P M; Goilav, B; Tuschl, T; Putterman, C; Buyon, J P. Dermal fibroblasts from patients with lupus nephritis express an anti-fibrotic transcriptome [Meeting Abstract]. Arthritis & rheumatology. 2016 October;Conference:(American):2665-2667 (2398032)

Cyclic amp, ERK5, and transdifferentiation of cardiac fibroblasts in the pathogenesis of autoimmune congenital heart block
Markham, A; Rasmussen, S; Blumenberg, M; Clancy, R M; Buyon, J P. Cyclic amp, ERK5, and transdifferentiation of cardiac fibroblasts in the pathogenesis of autoimmune congenital heart block [Meeting Abstract]. Arthritis & rheumatology. 2016 October;Conference:(American):3179-3181 (2398042)

Platelet FcgammaRIIA polymorphism H131R associates with subclinical atherosclerosis and increased platelet activity in SLE
Rasmussen, S; Reynolds, H; Buyon, J P; Nhek, S; Newman, J; Berger, J; Clancy, R M. Platelet FcgammaRIIA polymorphism H131R associates with subclinical atherosclerosis and increased platelet activity in SLE [Meeting Abstract]. Arthritis & rheumatology. 2016 October;Conference:(American):2663-2664 (2398072)