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Wenbiao Gan, Ph.D.

Department of Neuroscience and Physiology (Skirball) and Molecular Neurobiology

Contact Info

540 First Avenue
Floor 5 Room lab 4
Skirball Institute
New York, NY 10016-6481


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— Columbia U, Medical Education

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Research Summary

Wen-Biao Gan, Ph.D. Skirball Institute and Department of Physiology and Neuroscience One of the most important features of the nervous system is its remarkable plasticity during development and in learning and memory. Many lines of evidence indicate that the number and distribution of synapses in many parts of the nervous system change throughout life. Very little is known at present about how changes in synaptic structure take place in living animals. We are studying the mechanisms that regulate structural plasticity of synapses by taking advantage of Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) expressing transgenic mice in which synaptic structure are specifically labeled by GFP. Using a confocal microscope, we have recently been able to generate 3-dimensional reconstructions of synapses on individual neurons at the submandibular ganglion and the superior cervical ganglion of living mice. By following synapses of the same neuron over time, we have found that synaptic structure is generally stable over several days but undergoes substantial remodeling over a period of weeks in the mouse submandibular ganglion (Fig.1). The ability to follow individual inter-neuronal synapses in vivo opens a direct window to study many interesting questions such as: How dynamic are synapses once they are formed? How does neuronal activity modulate synaptic structure? How does change in synaptic structure occur as a function of age? We are currently addressing these questions using high-resolution in vivo confocal imaging, electron microscopy and molecular approaches. In addition to study neural plasticity in the peripheral nervous system, we have recently developed a technique for rapid labeling of a large number of neurons with many different colors (Fig.2). Using this technique, we are planning to study structural plasticity of neuronal circuits in the central nervous system.

Research Interests

Synaptic Plasticity

Research Keywords

Key Words: Alzheimer's disease, confocal microscopy, GFP, synapse, synaptic plasticity

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All data from NYU Health Sciences Library Faculty Bibliography — -


Imaging of mitochondrial dynamics in motor and sensory axons of living mice
Bolea, Irene; Gan, Wen-Biao; Manfedi, Giovanni; Magrane, Jordi
2014 ;547:97-110, Methods in enzymology
— id: 1360552, year: 2014, vol: 547, page: 97, stat: Journal Article,

Antipsychotics Activate mTORC1-Dependent Translation to Enhance Neuronal Morphological Complexity
Bowling, Heather; Zhang, Guoan; Bhattacharya, Aditi; Perez-Cuesta, Luis M; Deinhardt, Katrin; Hoeffer, Charles A; Neubert, Thomas A; Gan, Wen-Biao; Klann, Eric; Chao, Moses V
2014 ;7(308):ra4-ra4 ra4, Science signaling
— id: 741242, year: 2014, vol: 7, page: ra4, stat: Journal Article,

Abnormal mitochondrial transport and morphology are common pathological denominators in SOD1 and TDP43 ALS mouse models
Magrane, Jordi; Cortez, Czrina; Gan, Wen-Biao; Manfredi, Giovanni
2014 Mar;23(6):1413-1424, Human molecular genetics
— id: 867372, year: 2014, vol: 23, page: 1413, stat: Journal Article,

Sleep promotes branch-specific formation of dendritic spines after learning
Yang, Guang; Lai, Cora Sau Wan; Cichon, Joseph; Ma, Lei; Li, Wei; Gan, Wen-Biao
2014 Jun;344(6188):1173-1178, Science
— id: 1060012, year: 2014, vol: 344, page: 1173, stat: Journal Article,

Two-photon-excited fluorescence microscopy as a tool to investigate the efficacy of methylprednisolone in a mouse spinal cord injury model
Zhang, Yiling; Zhang, Lihai; Shen, Jing; Chen, Chao; Mao, Zhi; Li, Wei; Gan, Wen-Biao; Tang, Peifu
2014 Apr;39(8):E493-E499, Spine
— id: 1032162, year: 2014, vol: 39, page: E493, stat: Journal Article,

The Pattern of Cortical Dysfunction in a Mouse Model of a Schizophrenia-Related Microdeletion
Fenelon, Karine; Xu, Bin; Lai, Cora S; Mukai, Jun; Markx, Sander; Stark, Kimberly L; Hsu, Pei-Ken; Gan, Wen-Biao; Fischbach, Gerald D; Macdermott, Amy B; Karayiorgou, Maria; Gogos, Joseph A
2013 Sep;33(37):14825-14839, Journal of neuroscience
— id: 549612, year: 2013, vol: 33, page: 14825, stat: Journal Article,

Circadian glucocorticoid oscillations promote learning-dependent synapse formation and maintenance
Liston, Conor; Cichon, Joseph M; Jeanneteau, Freddy; Jia, Zhengping; Chao, Moses V; Gan, Wen-Biao
2013 Jun;16(6):698-705, Nature neuroscience
— id: 361702, year: 2013, vol: 16, page: 698, stat: Journal Article,

Microglia Promote Learning-Dependent Synapse Formation through Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor
Parkhurst, Christopher N; Yang, Guang; Ninan, Ipe; Savas, Jeffrey N; Yates, John R 3rd; Lafaille, Juan J; Hempstead, Barbara L; Littman, Dan R; Gan, Wen-Biao
2013 Dec;155(7):1596-1609, Cell
— id: 746582, year: 2013, vol: 155, page: 1596, stat: Journal Article,

Transcranial two-photon imaging of synaptic structures in the cortex of awake head-restrained mice
Yang, Guang; Pan, Feng; Chang, Paul C; Gooden, Frank; Gan, Wen-Biao
2013 ;1010:35-43, Methods in molecular biology
— id: 415082, year: 2013, vol: 1010, page: 35, stat: Journal Article,

Peripheral elevation of TNF-alpha leads to early synaptic abnormalities in the mouse somatosensory cortex in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
Yang, Guang; Parkhurst, Christopher N; Hayes, Scott; Gan, Wen-Biao
2013 Jun;110(25):10306-10311, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
— id: 394032, year: 2013, vol: 110, page: 10306, stat: Journal Article,

Imaging Neural Activity Using Thy1-GCaMP Transgenic Mice
Chen, Qian; Cichon, Joseph; Wang, Wenting; Qiu, Li; Lee, Seok-Jin R; Campbell, Nolan R; Destefino, Nicholas; Goard, Michael J; Fu, Zhanyan; Yasuda, Ryohei; Looger, Loren L; Arenkiel, Benjamin R; Gan, Wen-Biao; Feng, Guoping
2012 Oct;76(2):297-308, Neuron
— id: 183042, year: 2012, vol: 76, page: 297, stat: Journal Article,

A Multisite Study of the Clinical Diagnosis of Different Autism Spectrum Disorders
Lord C; Petkova E; Hus V; Gan W; Lu F; Martin DM; Ousley O; Guy L; Bernier R; Gerdts J; Algermissen M; Whitaker A; Sutcliffe JS; Warren Z; Klin A; Saulnier C; Hanson E; Hundley R; Piggot J; Fombonne E; Steiman M; Miles J; Kanne SM; Goin-Kochel RP; Peters SU; Cook EH; Guter S; Tjernagel J; Green-Snyder LA; Bishop S; Esler A; Gotham K; Luyster R; Miller F; Olson J; Richler J; Risi S
2012 Mar;69(3):306-313, Archives of general psychiatry
— id: 142976, year: 2012, vol: 69, page: 306, stat: Journal Article,

Sleep contributes to dendritic spine formation and elimination in the developing mouse somatosensory cortex
Yang, Guang; Gan, Wen-Biao
2012 Nov;72(11):1391-1398, Developmental neurobiology
— id: 179258, year: 2012, vol: 72, page: 1391, stat: Journal Article,

In vivo studies of microglial function in synaptic plasticity
Gan W.
2011 ;36:S40-S40, Neuropsychopharmacology
— id: 147763, year: 2011, vol: 36, page: S40, stat: Journal Article,

Transcranial two-photon imaging of the living mouse brain
Grutzendler, Jaime; Yang, Guang; Pan, Feng; Parkhurst, Christopher N; Gan, Wen-Biao
2011 ;2011(9):?-?, Cold Spring Harbor protocols
— id: 137133, year: 2011, vol: 2011, page: ?, stat: Journal Article,

Glucocorticoids are critical regulators of dendritic spine development and plasticity in vivo
Liston, Conor; Gan, Wen-Biao
2011 Sep 20;108(38):16074-16079, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
— id: 137844, year: 2011, vol: 108, page: 16074, stat: Journal Article,

Transient Effects of Anesthetics on Dendritic Spines and Filopodia in the Living Mouse Cortex
Yang G; Chang PC; Bekker A; Blanck TJ; Gan WB
2011 Oct;115(4):718-726, Anesthesiology
— id: 137134, year: 2011, vol: 115, page: 718, stat: Journal Article,

In vivo imaging neuronal recovery in neuroinflammation
Gan Wanbiao; Christopher, Parkhurst; Scott, Hayes; Gan Wen-Biao
2010 NOV 15 ;228(1-2):145-145, Journal of neuroimmunology
— id: 120558, year: 2010, vol: 228, page: 145, stat: Journal Article,

Dendritic spine instability and insensitivity to modulation by sensory experience in a mouse model of fragile X syndrome
Pan, Feng; Aldridge, Georgina M; Greenough, William T; Gan, Wen-Biao
2010 Oct 12;107(41):17768-17773, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
— id: 113804, year: 2010, vol: 107, page: 17768, stat: Journal Article,

Microglia dynamics and function in the CNS
Parkhurst, Christopher N; Gan, Wen-Biao
2010 Oct;20(5):595-600, Current opinion in neurobiology
— id: 138196, year: 2010, vol: 20, page: 595, stat: Journal Article,

Thinned-skull cranial window technique for long-term imaging of the cortex in live mice
Yang, Guang; Pan, Feng; Parkhurst, Christopher N; Grutzendler, Jaime; Gan, Wen-Biao
2010 Jan;5(2):201-208, Nature protocols
— id: 106596, year: 2010, vol: 5, page: 201, stat: Journal Article,

Dendritic spine dynamics
Bhatt, D Harshad; Zhang, Shengxiang; Gan, Wen-Biao
2009 ;71:261-282, Annual review of physiology
— id: 100626, year: 2009, vol: 71, page: 261, stat: Journal Article,

Experience-dependent dendritic spine dynamics in the mouse cortex
Gan, WB; Yang, G; Pan, F
2009 FEB ;65(1):S7-S7, Neuroscience research
— id: 106960, year: 2009, vol: 65, page: S7, stat: Journal Article,

Ballistic delivery of dyes for structural and functional studies of the nervous system
Gan, Wen-Biao; Grutzendler, Jaime; Wong, Rachel O; Lichtman, Jeff W
2009 Apr;2009(4):pdb.prot5202-pdb.prot5202, Cold Spring Harbor protocols
— id: 112400, year: 2009, vol: 2009, page: pdb.prot5202, stat: Journal Article,

Ankyrin Repeat-rich Membrane Spanning/Kidins220 protein regulates dendritic branching and spine stability in vivo
Wu, Synphen H; Arevalo, Juan Carlos; Sarti, Federica; Tessarollo, Lino; Gan, Wen-Biao; Chao, Moses V
2009 Aug;69(9):547-557, Developmental neurobiology
— id: 100607, year: 2009, vol: 69, page: 547, stat: Journal Article,

Stably maintained dendritic spines are associated with lifelong memories
Yang, Guang; Pan, Feng; Gan, Wen-Biao
2009 Dec 17;462(7275):920-924, Nature
— id: 105966, year: 2009, vol: 462, page: 920, stat: Journal Article,

Long-term two-photon transcranial imaging of synaptic structures in the living brain
Grutzendler, Jaime; Gan, Wen-Biao
2007 ;2007:pdb.prot4766-pdb.prot4766 pdb.prot4766, Cold Spring Harbor protocols
— id: 937742, year: 2007, vol: 2007, page: pdb.prot4766, stat: Journal Article,

Various dendritic abnormalities are associated with fibrillar amyloid deposits in Alzheimer's disease
Grutzendler, Jaime; Helmin, Kathryn; Tsai, Julia; Gan, Wen-Biao
2007 Feb;1097:30-39, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
— id: 71869, year: 2007, vol: 1097, page: 30, stat: Journal Article,

Choice of cranial window type for in vivo imaging affects dendritic spine turnover in the cortex
Xu, Hua-Tai; Pan, Feng; Yang, Guang; Gan, Wen-Biao
2007 May;10(5):549-551, Nature neuroscience
— id: 73017, year: 2007, vol: 10, page: 549, stat: Journal Article,

Recent advances in basic neurosciences and brain disease: from synapses to behavior
Bi, Guo-Qiang; Bolshakov, Vadim; Bu, Guojun; Cahill, Catherine M; Chen, Zhou-Feng; Collingridge, Graham L; Cooper, Robin L; Coorssen, Jens R; El-Husseini, Alaa; Galhardo, Vasco; Gan, Wen-Biao; Gu, Jianguo; Inoue, Kazuhide; Isaac, John; Iwata, Koichi; Jia, Zhengping; Kaang, Bong-Kiun; Kawamata, Mikito; Kida, Satoshi; Klann, Eric; Kohno, Tatsuro; Li, Min; Li, Xiao-Jiang; MacDonald, John F; Nader, Karim; Nguyen, Peter V; Oh, Uhtaek; Ren, Ke; Roder, John C; Salter, Michael W; Song, Weihong; Sugita, Shuzo; Tang, Shao-Jun; Tao, Yuanxiang; Wang, Yu Tian; Woo, Newton; Woodin, Melanie A; Yan, Zhen; Yoshimura, Megumu; Xu, Ming; Xu, Zao C; Zhang, Xia; Zhen, Mei; Zhuo, Min
2006 ;2:38-38, Molecular pain
— id: 112401, year: 2006, vol: 2, page: 38, stat: Journal Article,

Two-photon imaging of synaptic plasticity and pathology in the living mouse brain
Grutzendler, Jaime; Gan, Wen-Biao
2006 Oct;3(4):489-496, NeuroRx
— id: 112403, year: 2006, vol: 3, page: 489, stat: Journal Article,

The P2Y12 receptor regulates microglial activation by extracellular nucleotides
Haynes, Sharon E; Hollopeter, Gunther; Yang, Guang; Kurpius, Dana; Dailey, Michael E; Gan, Wen-Biao; Julius, David
2006 Dec;9(12):1512-1519, Nature neuroscience
— id: 112402, year: 2006, vol: 9, page: 1512, stat: Journal Article,

ATP mediates rapid microglial response to local brain injury in vivo
Davalos, Dimitrios; Grutzendler, Jaime; Yang, Guang; Kim, Jiyun V; Zuo, Yi; Jung, Steffen; Littman, Dan R; Dustin, Michael L; Gan, Wen-Biao
2005 Jun;8(6):752-758, Nature neuroscience
— id: 56024, year: 2005, vol: 8, page: 752, stat: Journal Article,

Defective neuromuscular synapses in mice lacking amyloid precursor protein (APP) and APP-Like protein 2
Wang, Pei; Yang, Guang; Mosier, Dennis R; Chang, Paul; Zaidi, Tahire; Gong, Yan-Dao; Zhao, Nan-Ming; Dominguez, Bertha; Lee, Kuo-Fen; Gan, Wen-Biao; Zheng, Hui
2005 Feb 2;25(5):1219-1225, Journal of neuroscience
— id: 112406, year: 2005, vol: 25, page: 1219, stat: Journal Article,

Reduced synaptic vesicle density and active zone size in mice lacking amyloid precursor protein (APP) and APP-like protein 2
Yang, Guang; Gong, Yan-Dao; Gong, Kai; Jiang, Wu-Ling; Kwon, Elaine; Wang, Pei; Zheng, Hui; Zhang, Xiu-Fang; Gan, Wen-Biao; Zhao, Nan-Ming
2005 Aug 12-19;384(1-2):66-71, Neuroscience letters
— id: 112405, year: 2005, vol: 384, page: 66, stat: Journal Article,

A model of mini-embolic stroke offers measurements of the neurovascular unit response in the living mouse
Zhang, Zheng Gang; Zhang, Li; Ding, Guangliang; Jiang, Quan; Zhang, Rui Lan; Zhang, Xueguo; Gan, Wen-Biao; Chopp, Michael
2005 Dec;36(12):2701-2704, Stroke
— id: 112404, year: 2005, vol: 36, page: 2701, stat: Journal Article,

Development of long-term dendritic spine stability in diverse regions of cerebral cortex
Zuo, Yi; Lin, Aerie; Chang, Paul; Gan, Wen-Biao
2005 Apr 21;46(2):181-189, Neuron
— id: 55610, year: 2005, vol: 46, page: 181, stat: Journal Article,

Long-term sensory deprivation prevents dendritic spine loss in primary somatosensory cortex
Zuo, Yi; Yang, Guang; Kwon, Elaine; Gan, Wen-Biao
2005 Jul 14;436(7048):261-265, Nature
— id: 56375, year: 2005, vol: 436, page: 261, stat: Journal Article,

Axon branch removal at developing synapses by axosome shedding
Bishop, Derron L; Misgeld, Thomas; Walsh, Mark K; Gan, Wen-Biao; Lichtman, Jeff W
2004 Nov 18;44(4):651-661, Neuron
— id: 57697, year: 2004, vol: 44, page: 651, stat: Journal Article,

Age-associated synapse elimination in mouse parasympathetic ganglia
Coggan, Jay S; Grutzendler, Jaime; Bishop, Derron L; Cook, Melissa R; Gan, Wenbiao; Heym, Jason; Lichtman, Jeff W
2004 Aug;60(2):214-226, Journal of neurobiology
— id: 112399, year: 2004, vol: 60, page: 214, stat: Journal Article,

Solid-phase synthesis of styryl dyes and their application as amyloid sensors
Li, Qian; Lee, Jun-Seok; Ha, Chanki; Park, Chan Beum; Yang, Guang; Gan, Wen Biao; Chang, Young-Tae
2004 Nov 26;43(46):6331-6335, Angewandte chemie. International edition in english
— id: 112407, year: 2004, vol: 43, page: 6331, stat: Journal Article,

In vivo imaging of prion amyloid deposits
Sadowski, M; Pankiewicz, J; Scholtzova, H; Tsai, J; Carp, RI; Meeker, HC; Debnath, M; Mathis, CA; Shao, L; Klunk, WE; Gan, WB; Wisniewski, T
2004 JUL ;25(10):S280-S281, Neurobiology of aging
— id: 47732, year: 2004, vol: 25, page: S280, stat: Journal Article,

Detection of prion amyloid deposits in vivo
Sadowski, Marcin; Pankiewicz, Joanna; Scholtzova, Henrieta; Tsai, Julia; Carp, Richard I.; Meeker, Cliff H.; Gan, Wen-Biao; Klunk, William E.; Mathis, Chester A.; Shao, Li; Debnath, Manik; Wisniewski, Thomas
2004 ;62(7, Suppl. 5):A446-A447, Neurology
— id: 97609, year: 2004, vol: 62, page: A446, stat: Journal Article,

Targeting prion amyloid deposits in vivo
Sadowski, Marcin; Pankiewicz, Joanna; Scholtzova, Henrieta; Tsai, Julia; Li, Yongsheng; Carp, Richard I; Meeker, Harry C; Gambetti, Pierluigi; Debnath, Manik; Mathis, Chester A; Shao, Li; Gan, Wen-Biao; Klunk, William E; Wisniewski, Thomas
2004 Jul;63(7):775-784, Journal of neuropathology & experimental neurology
— id: 44512, year: 2004, vol: 63, page: 775, stat: Journal Article,

Fibrillar amyloid deposition leads to local synaptic abnormalities and breakage of neuronal branches
Tsai, Julia; Grutzendler, Jaime; Duff, Karen; Gan, Wen-Biao
2004 Nov;7(11):1181-1183, Nature neuroscience
— id: 48078, year: 2004, vol: 7, page: 1181, stat: Journal Article,

Imaging and therapeutic approaches for beta-sheet structures in prion and Alzheimer's diseases
Wisniewski, T; Pankiewicz, J; Scholtzova, H; Fernando, G; Chabalgoity, JA; Ji, Y; Wadghiri, YZ; Gan, WB; Tang, CY; Turnbull, DH; Mathis, CA; Kascsak, R; Klunk, WE; Carp, RI; Frangione, B; Sigurdsson, EM; Sadowski, M
2004 ;25(2):S30-S31, Neurobiology of aging
— id: 97595, year: 2004, vol: 25, page: S30, stat: Journal Article,

In vivo imaging of amyloid plaques in AD and prion disease model mice
Wisniewski, T; Sigurdsson, EM; Wadghiri, YZ; Carp, R; Tang, CY; Turnbull, DH; Mathis, C; Klunk, WE; Gan, WB; Sadowski, M
2004 APR ;25(12):S29-S29, Neurobiology of aging
— id: 42446, year: 2004, vol: 25, page: S29, stat: Journal Article,

Glutamate-dependent stabilization of presynaptic terminals
Gan, Wen-Biao
2003 Jun 5;38(5):677-678, Neuron
— id: 39201, year: 2003, vol: 38, page: 677, stat: Journal Article,

Synaptic dynamism measured over minutes to months: age-dependent decline in an autonomic ganglion
Gan, Wen-Biao; Kwon, Elaine; Feng, Guoping; Sanes, Joshua R; Lichtman, Jeff W
2003 Sep;6(9):956-960, Nature neuroscience
— id: 112408, year: 2003, vol: 6, page: 956, stat: Journal Article,

Rapid labeling of neuronal populations by ballistic delivery of fluorescent dyes
Grutzendler, Jaime; Tsai, Julia; Gan, Wen-Biao
2003 May;30(1):79-85, Methods
— id: 39245, year: 2003, vol: 30, page: 79, stat: Journal Article,

Apolipoprotein E isoform-specific regulation of dendritic spine morphology in apolipoprotein E transgenic mice and Alzheimer's disease patients
Ji, Y; Gong, Y; Gan, W; Beach, T; Holtzman, D M; Wisniewski, T
2003 ;122(2):305-315, Neuroscience
— id: 46270, year: 2003, vol: 122, page: 305, stat: Journal Article,

Rapid labeling of neuronal structures in post-mortem human brain by ballistic delivery of lipophilic dyes
Grutzendler, J; Gong, YD; Gan, WB; Wisniewski, T
2002 Jul-Aug;23(1):1762-, Neurobiology of aging
— id: 32435, year: 2002, vol: 23, page: 1762, stat: Journal Article,

Long-term dendritic spine stability in the adult cortex
Grutzendler, Jaime; Kasthuri, Narayanan; Gan, Wen-Biao
2002 Dec 19-26;420(6917):812-816, Nature
— id: 39348, year: 2002, vol: 420, page: 812, stat: Journal Article,

Apolipoprotein E expression modulates neuronal spine density in an isotype specific manner in transgenic mice
Ji, Y; Gong, YD; Gan, WB; Wisniewski, T
2002 Jul-Aug;23(1):1472-, Neurobiology of aging
— id: 32426, year: 2002, vol: 23, page: 1472, stat: Journal Article,

Imaging calcium dynamics in the nervous system by means of ballistic delivery of indicators
Kettunen, Petronella; Demas, Jay; Lohmann, Christian; Kasthuri, Narayanan; Gong, Yandao; Wong, Rachel O L; Gan, Wen-Biao
2002 Sep 15;119(1):37-43, Journal of neuroscience methods
— id: 112409, year: 2002, vol: 119, page: 37, stat: Journal Article,

Local synaptic abnormalities associated with fibrillar beta- amyloid in APP and PS1 double transgenic mice
Tsai, J; Gan, WB; Matsuoka, Y; Duff, K
2002 ;Suppl 1(757-757):Jul-Aug 1, Neurobiology of aging
— id: 32415, year: 2002, vol: Suppl 1, page: Jul, stat: Journal Article,

Asynchronous synapse elimination in neonatal motor units: studies using GFP transgenic mice
Keller-Peck, C R; Walsh, M K; Gan, W B; Feng, G; Sanes, J R; Lichtman, J W
2001 Aug 16;31(3):381-394, Neuron
— id: 141724, year: 2001, vol: 31, page: 381, stat: Journal Article,

Multicolor "DiOlistic" labeling of the nervous system using lipophilic dye combinations
Gan WB; Grutzendler J; Wong WT; Wong RO; Lichtman JW
2000 Aug;27(2):219-225, Neuron
— id: 11502, year: 2000, vol: 27, page: 219, stat: Journal Article,

TrkB works at postsynaptic sites
Gan WB
1999 Nov;24(3):491-492, Neuron
— id: 8378, year: 1999, vol: 24, page: 491, stat: Journal Article,

Vital imaging and ultrastructural analysis of individual axon terminals labeled by iontophoretic application of lipophilic dye
Gan, W B; Bishop, D L; Turney, S G; Lichtman, J W
1999 Oct 30;93(1):13-20, Journal of neuroscience methods
— id: 141723, year: 1999, vol: 93, page: 13, stat: Journal Article,

Synaptic segregation at the developing neuromuscular junction
Gan WB; Lichtman JW
1998 Nov 20;282(5393):1508-1511, Science
— id: 8377, year: 1998, vol: 282, page: 1508, stat: Journal Article,