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Robert W. Flower

Research Professor;
Department of Ophthalmology (Resident Train )

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All data from NYU Health Sciences Library Faculty Bibliography — -


A simple integrated system for electrophysiologic recordings in animals
Johnson, Mary A; Slater, Bernard J; Miller, Neil R; Bernstein, Steven L; Flower, Robert W
2009 Aug;119(1):9-12, Documenta ophthalmologica
— id: 96068, year: 2009, vol: 119, page: 9, stat: Journal Article,

Observation of erythrocyte dynamics in the retinal capillaries and choriocapillaris using ICG-loaded erythrocyte ghost cells
Flower, Robert; Peiretti, Enrico; Magnani, Mauro; Rossi, Luigia; Serafini, Sonja; Gryczynski, Zygmunt; Gryczynski, Ignacy
2008 Dec;49(12):5510-5516, Investigative ophthalmology & visual science. IOVS
— id: 91437, year: 2008, vol: 49, page: 5510, stat: Journal Article,

Temperature distribution during ICG-dye-enhanced laser photocoagulation of feeder vessels in treatment of AMD-related choroidal neovascularization
Zhu, Liang; Banerjee, Rupak K; Salloum, Maher; Bachmann, Albert; Flower, Robert W
2008 Jun;130(3):031010-031010, Journal of biomechanical engineering
— id: 96069, year: 2008, vol: 130, page: 031010, stat: Journal Article,

Ophthalmic fundus imaging: today and beyond
Yannuzzi, Lawrence A; Ober, Michael D; Slakter, Jason S; Spaide, Richard F; Fisher, Yale L; Flower, Robert W; Rosen, Richard
2004 Mar;137(3):511-524, American journal of ophthalmology
— id: 96070, year: 2004, vol: 137, page: 511, stat: Journal Article,

Functional and cellular responses in a novel rodent model of anterior ischemic optic neuropathy
Bernstein, Steven L; Guo, Yan; Kelman, Shalom E; Flower, Robert W; Johnson, Mary A
2003 Oct;44(10):4153-4162, Investigative ophthalmology & visual science. IOVS
— id: 96071, year: 2003, vol: 44, page: 4153, stat: Journal Article,

Optimizing treatment of choroidal neovascularization feeder vessels associated with age-related macular degeneration
Flower, Robert W
2002 Aug;134(2):228-239, American journal of ophthalmology
— id: 96072, year: 2002, vol: 134, page: 228, stat: Journal Article,

Clinical observations supporting a theoretical model of choriocapillaris blood flow in treatment of choroidal neovascularization associated with age-related macular degeneration(1)
Staurenghi, Giovanni; Flower, Robert W
2002 Jun;133(6):801-808, American journal of ophthalmology
— id: 27671, year: 2002, vol: 133, page: 801, stat: Journal Article,

Theoretical investigation of the role of choriocapillaris blood flow in treatment of subfoveal choroidal neovascularization associated with age-related macular degeneration
Flower RW; von Kerczek C; Zhu L; Ernest A; Eggleton C; Topoleski LD
2001 Jul;132(1):85-93, American journal of ophthalmology
— id: 27672, year: 2001, vol: 132, page: 85, stat: Journal Article,

Experimental studies of indocyanine green dye-enhanced photocoagulation of choroidal neovascularization feeder vessels
Flower RW
2000 Apr;129(4):501-512, American journal of ophthalmology
— id: 27675, year: 2000, vol: 129, page: 501, stat: Journal Article,

An ICG angiogram-based clinical method for characterizing the choroidal circulation used to assess the hemorrheologic effects of pentoxifylline
Flower RW; Lim JI
2000 Oct;23(8):756-762, Journal francais d'ophthalmologie
— id: 27673, year: 2000, vol: 23, page: 756, stat: Journal Article,

Suggested terminology for different phases of indocyanine green angiogram
Soubrane G; Seres A; Coscas G; Flower RW
2000 ;20(3):319-320, Retina
— id: 27674, year: 2000, vol: 20, page: 319, stat: Journal Article,

Expanded hypothesis on the mechanism of photodynamic therapy action on choroidal neovascularization
Flower RW
1999 ;19(5):365-369, Retina
— id: 27676, year: 1999, vol: 19, page: 365, stat: Journal Article,

Disparity between fundus camera and scanning laser ophthalmoscope indocyanine green imaging of retinal pigment epithelium detachments
Flower RW; Csaky KG; Murphy RP
1998 ;18(3):260-268, Retina
— id: 27677, year: 1998, vol: 18, page: 260, stat: Journal Article,

Variability in choriocapillaris blood flow distribution
Flower RW; Fryczkowski AW; McLeod DS
1995 Jun;36(7):1247-1258, Investigative ophthalmology & visual science. IOVS
— id: 27678, year: 1995, vol: 36, page: 1247, stat: Journal Article,

Indocyanine green angiography
Lim JI; Flower RW
1995 Fall;35(4):59-70, International ophthalmologic clinics
— id: 27679, year: 1995, vol: 35, page: 59, stat: Journal Article,

Binding and extravasation of indocyanine green dye
Flower RW
1994 ;14(3):283-284, Retina
— id: 27681, year: 1994, vol: 14, page: 283, stat: Journal Article,

Does preinjection binding of indocyanine green to serum actually improve angiograms?
Flower RW
1994 Sep;112(9):1137-1139, Archives of ophthalmology (1960)
— id: 27680, year: 1994, vol: 112, page: 1137, stat: Journal Article,

Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy. An indocyanine green angiographic study
Dhaliwal RS; Maguire AM; Flower RW; Arribas NP
1993 ;13(4):317-325, Retina
— id: 27684, year: 1993, vol: 13, page: 317, stat: Journal Article,

Extraction of choriocapillaris hemodynamic data from ICG fluorescence angiograms
Flower RW
1993 Aug;34(9):2720-2729, Investigative ophthalmology & visual science. IOVS
— id: 27682, year: 1993, vol: 34, page: 2720, stat: Journal Article,

Ischemic hypertensive choroidopathy. Fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green videoangiography, and measurement of pulsatile blood flow
MacCumber MW; Flower RW; Langham ME
1993 May;111(5):704-705, Archives of ophthalmology (1960)
— id: 27683, year: 1993, vol: 111, page: 704, stat: Journal Article,

Choroidal angiography today and tomorrow
Flower RW
1992 ;12(3):189-190, Retina
— id: 27685, year: 1992, vol: 12, page: 189, stat: Journal Article,

Perinatal ocular physiology and ROP in the experimental animal model
Flower RW
1990 Mar;74(3):153-162, Documenta ophthalmologica
— id: 27687, year: 1990, vol: 74, page: 153, stat: Journal Article,

Pulsatile flow in the choroidal circulation: a preliminary investigation
Flower RW; Klein GJ
1990 ;4 ( Pt 2)(3):310-318, Eye
— id: 27688, year: 1990, vol: 4 ( Pt 2), page: 310, stat: Journal Article,

An image processing approach to characterizing choroidal blood flow
Klein GJ; Baumgartner RH; Flower RW
1990 Apr;31(4):629-637, Investigative ophthalmology & visual science. IOVS
— id: 27686, year: 1990, vol: 31, page: 629, stat: Journal Article,

Physiology of the developing ocular vasculature
Flower RW
1988 ;24(1):129-146, Birth defects original articles series
— id: 27689, year: 1988, vol: 24, page: 129, stat: Journal Article,

Aluminum in foci of pelvic calcification in neoplastic and nonneoplastic conditions
Bargeron CB; Flower RW; Rosenshein NB; Parmley TH; Woodruff JD; Meyers D
1987 Oct;28(2):181-185, Gynecologic oncology
— id: 27690, year: 1987, vol: 28, page: 181, stat: Journal Article,

Visualization of a developing vasculature
McLeod DS; Lutty GA; Wajer SD; Flower RW
1987 Mar;33(2):257-269, Microvascular research
— id: 27691, year: 1987, vol: 33, page: 257, stat: Journal Article,

Ten years experience with choroidal angiography using indocyanine green dye: a new routine examination or an epilogue?
Bischoff PM; Flower RW
1985 Sep 30;60(3):235-291, Documenta ophthalmologica
— id: 27693, year: 1985, vol: 60, page: 235, stat: Journal Article,

Postnatal retinal vascular development of the puppy
Flower RW; McLeod DS; Lutty GA; Goldberg B; Wajer SD
1985 Jul;26(7):957-968, Investigative ophthalmology & visual science. IOVS
— id: 27694, year: 1985, vol: 26, page: 957, stat: Journal Article,

Foreign body granulomas in normal ovaries
Mostafa SA; Bargeron CB; Flower RW; Rosenshein NB; Parmley TH; Woodruff JD
1985 Nov;66(5):701-702, Obstetrics & gynecology
— id: 27692, year: 1985, vol: 66, page: 701, stat: Journal Article,

A mechanism for oxygen damage to the immature retinal vasculature
Flower RW
1984 ;169(2):671-687, Advances in experimental medicine & biology
— id: 27697, year: 1984, vol: 169, page: 671, stat: Journal Article,

Indomethacin and retrolental fibroplasia
Flower RW
1984 Feb;104(2):326-326, Journal of pediatrics
— id: 27696, year: 1984, vol: 104, page: 326, stat: Journal Article,

Prostaglandins as mediators of vasotonia in the immature retina
Flower RW; McLeod DS; Wajer SD; Sendi GS; Egner PG; Dubin NH
1984 Apr;73(4):440-444, Pediatrics (1948)
— id: 27695, year: 1984, vol: 73, page: 440, stat: Journal Article,

High blood pressure in choroidal arteries as a possible pathogenetic mechanism in senile macular degeneration
Bischoff PM; Flower RW
1983 Sep;96(3):398-399, American journal of ophthalmology
— id: 27698, year: 1983, vol: 96, page: 398, stat: Journal Article,

Scanning electron microscopic studies of the hyaloid vascular system in newborn mice exposed to O2 and CO2
Bischoff PM; Wajer SD; Flower RW
1983 ;220(6):257-263, Graefe's archive for clinincal & experimental ophthalmology
— id: 27700, year: 1983, vol: 220, page: 257, stat: Journal Article,

Platelet-fibrin embolism in a rhesus macaque: angiographic and pathologic studies comparing fluorescein and indocyanine green
McDonnell PJ; Flower RW; Green WR
1983 Jul;44(7):1385-1391, American journal of veterinary research
— id: 27699, year: 1983, vol: 44, page: 1385, stat: Journal Article,

Long-term continuous monitoring of intraocular pressure in conscious primates
Flower RW; Maumenee AE; Michelson EA
1982 ;14(2):98-106, Ophthalmic research
— id: 27701, year: 1982, vol: 14, page: 98, stat: Journal Article,

Retrolental fibroplasia: evidence for a role of the prostaglandin cascade in the pathogenesis of oxygen-induced retinopathy in the newborn beagle
Flower RW; Blake DA
1981 Sep;15(9):1293-1302, Pediatric research
— id: 27702, year: 1981, vol: 15, page: 1293, stat: Journal Article,

Analysis of the retina via suprafusion electroretinography
Bird JF; Flower RW; Mowbray GH
1980 Mar;29(3):379-396, Biophysical journal
— id: 27705, year: 1980, vol: 29, page: 379, stat: Journal Article,

Indocyanine green fluorescence angiography
Hyvarinen L; Flower RW
1980 Aug;58(4):528-538, Acta ophthalmologica
— id: 27703, year: 1980, vol: 58, page: 528, stat: Journal Article,

The mechanism of optic nerve damage in experimental acute intraocular pressure elevation
Quigley HA; Flower RW; Addicks EM; McLeod DS
1980 May;19(5):505-517, Investigative ophthalmology & visual science. IOVS
— id: 27704, year: 1980, vol: 19, page: 505, stat: Journal Article,

Wide-field versus small-field fundus photography
Flower RW
1978 Jan;46(1):15-17, Journal of the Biological Photographic Association
— id: 27707, year: 1978, vol: 46, page: 15, stat: Journal Article,

The effect of blood on ocular fundus reflectance and determination of some optical properties of retinal blood vessels
Flower RW; McLeod DS; Pitts SM
1978 Jun;17(6):562-565, Investigative ophthalmology & visual science. IOVS
— id: 27706, year: 1978, vol: 17, page: 562, stat: Journal Article,

Simple adaptors for fast conversion of a fundus camera for rapid-sequence ICG fluorescence choroidal angiography
Flower RW
1977 Apr;45(2):43-47, Journal of the Biological Photographic Association
— id: 27710, year: 1977, vol: 45, page: 43, stat: Journal Article,

Quantification of indicator dye concentration in ocular blood vessels
Flower RW; Hochheimer BF
1977 Aug;25(2):103-111, Experimental eye research
— id: 27709, year: 1977, vol: 25, page: 103, stat: Journal Article,

Reflection of light by small areas of the ocular fundus
Flower RW; McLeod DS; Pitts SM
1977 Oct;16(10):981-985, Investigative ophthalmology & visual science. IOVS
— id: 27708, year: 1977, vol: 16, page: 981, stat: Journal Article,

Electroretinographic changes and choroidal defects in a case of central retinal artery occlusion
Flower RW; Speros P; Kenyon KR
1977 Apr;83(4):451-459, American journal of ophthalmology
— id: 27711, year: 1977, vol: 83, page: 451, stat: Journal Article,

A system for in vivo measurement of oxygen in intraocular tissue
Flower RW
1976 ;75(1):417-424, Advances in experimental medicine & biology
— id: 27714, year: 1976, vol: 75, page: 417, stat: Journal Article,

Indocyanine green dye fluorescence and infrared absorption choroidal angiography performed simultaneously with fluorescein angiography
Flower RW; Hochheimer BF
1976 Feb;138(2):33-42, Johns Hopkins medical journal
— id: 27712, year: 1976, vol: 138, page: 33, stat: Journal Article,

Potential clinical applications of indocyanine green choroidal angiography--preliminary report
Orth DH; Patz A; Flower RW
1976 Jan;55(1):'33'-'42', Eye, ear, nose, & throat monthly
— id: 27713, year: 1976, vol: 55, page: '33', stat: Journal Article,

An elemental phenomenon of vision-suprafusion transients: general theory, retinal-cortical manifestations, potential application
Bird JF; Flower RW; Mowbray GH
1975 Dec;55(2):553-557, Journal of theoretical biology
— id: 27715, year: 1975, vol: 55, page: 553, stat: Journal Article,

Retinal and cortical electrophysiological responses to instantaneous frequency shifts in light modulated above fusion
Flower RW; Bird JF; Mowbray GH
1975 Jan;14(1):75-78, Investigative ophthalmology
— id: 27717, year: 1975, vol: 14, page: 75, stat: Journal Article,

Visual cortex responses to abrupt changes in the periodicity of rapidly intermittent light
Mowbray GH; Flower RW; Bird JF
1975 Oct;39(4):305-312, Electroencephalography & clinical neurophysiology
— id: 27716, year: 1975, vol: 39, page: 305, stat: Journal Article,

A viewer for correlation of fluorescein and color fundus photographs
Flower RW; Patz A
1974 May;13(5):398-401, Investigative ophthalmology
— id: 27719, year: 1974, vol: 13, page: 398, stat: Journal Article,

Angiography of the cervix
Hochheimer BF; Flower RW
1974 Dec;135(6):375-382, Johns Hopkins medical journal
— id: 27718, year: 1974, vol: 135, page: 375, stat: Journal Article,

A technique for fixation of chronically implanted catheters in unrestrained primates
Flower RW
1973 Apr;34(4):500-501, Journal of applied physiology