Robert G Baker

Biosketch / Results /

Robert G Baker, Ph.D.

Professor;
Department of Neuroscience and Physiology (Neuro/Phys)

Contact Info

Address
550 First Avenue
Floor 4 Room 458
Medical Science Building
New York, NY 10016

212-263-5402, 212-263-8894
Robert.Baker@nyumc.org

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Education

1967 — Dr. Baker receive his Ph.D. degree in Pharmacology from the University of Illinois, Chicago, Il, Graduate Education
— Dr. Baker was a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of Pharmacology at the University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, Il, 1967-1968. He was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Institute for Brain Research, Tokyo Japan, 1968-1969, PostDoctoral Training

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Research Summary

Our goals address the evolution, embryology, ethology, and neurophysiology of cranial motor systems in vertebrates. The comparative anatomy and physiology of the visual, vestibular, and oculomotor systems are major fields of interests with experimental emphasis largely directed towards brainstem and cerebellar circuitry underlying eye and head movement. Current research projects center on establishing the intrinsic properties of vestibular, reticular, and cerebellar neurons both in vitro and in vivo with special emphasis on their role in oculomotor performance and motor learning. We use various single-cell microelectrode techniques to correlate excitatory and inhibitory synaptic responses with motor behavior. In complementary work, we address the ontogenetic assembly of cranial sensorimotor systems with contemporary chemical, molecular, and anatomical probes. We are also studying neuroepithelial and mesodermal cell lineage, fate, and tissue development in shark, zebrafish, bird, and mouse embryos. We investigate when and how eye muscles, motoneurons, and vestibular neurons become spatially programmed and functionally specified to produce eye movements. Overall, these experiments are designed to define the processes that coordinate development of sensory/motor networks to provide new insights into genetic blueprints, neuronal specification, and the role of hindbrain segmentation.

Research Interests

Cranial Motor Systems in Vertebrates

Research Keywords

cerebellum, genetic specification, neural segmentation, oculomotor

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All data from NYU Health Sciences Library Faculty Bibliography — -

Contact:
http://hsl.med.nyu.edu/faculty-bibliography-search

A hindbrain segmental scaffold specifying neuronal location in the adult goldfish, Carassius auratus
Gilland, E; Straka, H; Wong, T W; Baker, R; Zottoli, S J
2014 Jul;522(10):2446-2464, Journal of comparative neurology
— id: 917662, year: 2014, vol: 522, page: 2446, stat: Journal Article,

Development of oculomotor circuitry independent of hox3 genes
Ma, Leung-Hang; Grove, Charlotte L; Baker, Robert
2014 ;5:4221-4221, Nature communications
— id: 1051962, year: 2014, vol: 5, page: 4221, stat: Journal Article,

Vestibular blueprint in early vertebrates
Straka, Hans; Baker, Robert
2013 NOV 19;7:-, Frontiers in neural circuits
— id: 701022, year: 2013, vol: 7, page: , stat: Journal Article,

The Tangential Nucleus Controls a Gravito-inertial Vestibulo-ocular Reflex
Bianco, Isaac H; Ma, Leung-Hang; Schoppik, David; Robson, Drew N; Orger, Michael B; Beck, James C; Li, Jennifer M; Schier, Alexander F; Engert, Florian; Baker, Robert
2012 Jul;22(14):1285-1295, Current biology. CB
— id: 175813, year: 2012, vol: 22, page: 1285, stat: Journal Article,

Innovations in motoneuron synchrony drive rapid temporal modulations in vertebrate acoustic signaling
Chagnaud, BP; Zee, MC; Baker, R; Bass, AH
2012 Mar;:3528-3542, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 163668, year: 2012, vol: , page: 3528, stat: Journal Article,

Physiological and anatomical evidence for an inhibitory trigemino-oculomotor pathway in the cat
May, Paul J; Vidal, Pierre-Paul; Baker, Harriet; Baker, Robert
2012 Jul;520(10):2218-2240, Journal of comparative neurology
— id: 167704, year: 2012, vol: 520, page: 2218, stat: Journal Article,

Vocalization frequency and duration are coded in separate hindbrain nuclei
Chagnaud, Boris P; Baker, Robert; Bass, Andrew H
2011 ;2:346-346, Nature communications
— id: 136618, year: 2011, vol: 2, page: 346, stat: Journal Article,

Encoding of eye position in the goldfish horizontal oculomotor neural integrator
Debowy, Owen; Baker, Robert
2011 Feb;105(2):896-909, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 122690, year: 2011, vol: 105, page: 896, stat: Journal Article,

Monocular eye position specificity in the oculomotor neural integrator
Okamura N.; Baker R.; Hirata Y.
2011 ;12:?-?, BMC neuroscience
— id: 146282, year: 2011, vol: 12, page: ?, stat: Journal Article,

Neurovascular development in the embryonic zebrafish hindbrain
Ulrich, Florian; Ma, Leung-Hang; Baker, Robert G; Torres-Vazquez, Jesus
2011 Sep 1;357(1):134-151, Developmental biology (Orlando)
— id: 137873, year: 2011, vol: 357, page: 134, stat: Journal Article,

Carboxypeptidase A6 in zebrafish development and implications for VIth cranial nerve pathfinding
Lyons, Peter J; Ma, Leung-hang; Baker, Robert; Fricker, Lloyd D
2010 ;5(9):e12967-e12967, PLoS one
— id: 139622, year: 2010, vol: 5, page: e12967, stat: Journal Article,

Ancestry of motor innervation to pectoral fin and forelimb
Ma, Leung-Hang; Gilland, Edwin; Bass, Andrew H; Baker, Robert
2010 Jul 27;1(4):49-49, Nature communications
— id: 114059, year: 2010, vol: 1, page: 49, stat: Journal Article,

Mosaic hoxb4a neuronal pleiotropism in zebrafish caudal hindbrain
Ma, Leung-Hang; Punnamoottil, Beena; Rinkwitz, Silke; Baker, Robert
2009 ;4(6):e5944-e5944, PLoS one
— id: 100205, year: 2009, vol: 4, page: e5944, stat: Journal Article,

Evolutionary origins for social vocalization in a vertebrate hindbrain-spinal compartment
Bass, Andrew H; Gilland, Edwin H; Baker, Robert
2008 Jul;321(5887):417-421, Science
— id: 163439, year: 2008, vol: 321, page: 417, stat: Journal Article,

Semicircular canal size determines the developmental onset of angular vestibuloocular reflexes in larval Xenopus
Lambert, Francois M; Beck, James C; Baker, Robert; Straka, Hans
2008 Aug 6;28(32):8086-8095, Journal of neuroscience
— id: 140345, year: 2008, vol: 28, page: 8086, stat: Journal Article,

Erratum: Channel, neuronal and clinical function in sodium channelopathies: From genotype to phenotype
Aksay, Emre; Olasagasti, Itsaso; Mensh, Brett D; Baker, Robert; Goldman, Mark S; Tank, David W
2007 ;10(4):798-798 Apr, Nature neuroscience
— id: 82817, year: 2007, vol: 10, page: 798, stat: Journal Article,

Functional dissection of circuitry in a neural integrator
Aksay, Emre; Olasagasti, Itsaso; Mensh, Brett D; Baker, Robert; Goldman, Mark S; Tank, David W
2007 Apr;10(4):494-504, Nature neuroscience
— id: 138037, year: 2007, vol: 10, page: 494, stat: Journal Article,

Segmental organization of hindbrain functional circuits in adult anamniotes
Straka, H; Baker, R; Gilland, E
2007 DEC ;268(12):1138-1139, Journal of morphology
— id: 87179, year: 2007, vol: 268, page: 1138, stat: Journal Article,

Precerebellar hindbrain neurons encoding eye velocity during vestibular and optokinetic behavior in the goldfish
Beck, James C; Rothnie, Paul; Straka, Hans; Wearne, Susan L; Baker, Robert
2006 Sep;96(3):1370-1382, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 68818, year: 2006, vol: 96, page: 1370, stat: Journal Article,

Ancestral electrophysiological properties of thalamic neurons in vertebrates
Gamkreilidze GN; Baker R; Llinas R
2006 ;32:?-?, Society for Neuroscience Abstract Viewer & Itinerary Planner
— id: 75343, year: 2006, vol: 32, page: ?, stat: Journal Article,

Conserved co-regulation and promoter sharing of hoxb3a and hoxb4a in zebrafish
Hadrys, Thorsten; Punnamoottil, Beena; Pieper, Mareike; Kikuta, Hiroshi; Pezeron, Guillaume; Becker, Thomas S; Prince, Victoria; Baker, Robert; Rinkwitz, Silke
2006 Sep 1;297(1):26-43, Developmental biology (Orlando)
— id: 68982, year: 2006, vol: 297, page: 26, stat: Journal Article,

Preservation of segmental hindbrain organization in adult frogs
Straka, Hans; Baker, Robert; Gilland, Edwin
2006 Jan 10;494(2):228-245, Journal of comparative neurology
— id: 60893, year: 2006, vol: 494, page: 228, stat: Journal Article,

Morphology and physiology of the cerebellar vestibulolateral lobe pathways linked to oculomotor function in the goldfish
Straka, Hans; Beck, James C; Pastor, Angel M; Baker, Robert
2006 Oct;96(4):1963-1980, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 142120, year: 2006, vol: 96, page: 1963, stat: Journal Article,

Evolutionary patterns of cranial nerve efferent nuclei in vertebrates
Gilland, Edwin; Baker, Robert
2005 ;66(4):234-254, Brain behavior & evolution
— id: 60894, year: 2005, vol: 66, page: 234, stat: Journal Article,

Instrumentation for measuring oculomotor performance and plasticity in larval organisms
Beck, James C; Gilland, Edwin; Baker, Robert; Tank, David W
2004 ;76:385-413, Methods in cell biology
— id: 49301, year: 2004, vol: 76, page: 385, stat: Journal Article,

Quantifying the ontogeny of optokinetic and vestibuloocular behaviors in zebrafish, medaka, and goldfish
Beck, James C; Gilland, Edwin; Tank, David W; Baker, Robert
2004 Dec;92(6):3546-3561, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 47777, year: 2004, vol: 92, page: 3546, stat: Journal Article,

Comparative genomic analysis of vertebrate Hox3 and Hox4 genes
Hadrys, Thorsten; Prince, Victoria; Hunter, Michael; Baker, Robert; Rinkwitz, Silke
2004 Apr 15;302(2):147-164, Journal of experimental zoology. Part B. Molecular & developmental evolution
— id: 46221, year: 2004, vol: 302, page: 147, stat: Journal Article,

Plasticity and tuning by visual feedback of the stability of a neural integrator
Major, Guy; Baker, Robert; Aksay, Emre; Mensh, Brett; Seung, H Sebastian; Tank, David W
2004 May;101(20):7739-7744, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
— id: 163361, year: 2004, vol: 101, page: 7739, stat: Journal Article,

Plasticity and tuning of the time course of analog persistent firing in a neural integrator
Major, Guy; Baker, Robert; Aksay, Emre; Seung, H Sebastian; Tank, David W
2004 May;101(20):7745-7750, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
— id: 163360, year: 2004, vol: 101, page: 7745, stat: Journal Article,

Correlated discharge among cell pairs within the oculomotor horizontal velocity-to-position integrator
Aksay, Emre; Baker, Robert; Seung, H Sebastian; Tank, David W
2003 Nov;23(34):10852-10858, Journal of neuroscience
— id: 163515, year: 2003, vol: 23, page: 10852, stat: Journal Article,

History dependence of rate covariation between neurons during persistent activity in an oculomotor integrator
Aksay, Emre; Major, Guy; Goldman, Mark S; Baker, Robert; Seung, H Sebastian; Tank, David W
2003 Nov;13(11):1173-1184, Cerebral cortex
— id: 163516, year: 2003, vol: 13, page: 1173, stat: Journal Article,

Long duration three-dimensional imaging of calcium waves in zebrafish using multiphoton fluorescence microscopy
Gilland, Edwin; Baker, Robert; Denk, Winfried
2003 Oct;205(2):176-177, Biological bulletin
— id: 42649, year: 2003, vol: 205, page: 176, stat: Journal Article,

Olanzapine's efficacy for relapse prevention in bipolar disorder: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled 12-month clinical trial
Tohen, M; Bowden, C; Calabrese, J; Chou, J; Jacobs, T; Baker, R; Williamson, D; Evans, A
2003 SEP ;13(8):S212-S213, European neuropsychopharmacology
— id: 55426, year: 2003, vol: 13, page: S212, stat: Journal Article,

Central pathways mediating oculomotor reflexes in an elasmobranch, Scyliorhinus canicula
Graf, Werner; Gilland, Edwin; McFarlane, Matt; Knott, Laura; Baker, Robert
2002 Oct;203(2):236-238, Biological bulletin
— id: 60895, year: 2002, vol: 203, page: 236, stat: Journal Article,

The eyelid levator muscle: servant of two masters
May, Paul J; Baker, Robert G; Chen, Bingzhong
2002 ;17 Suppl 2:S4-S7, Movement disorders
— id: 60904, year: 2002, vol: 17 Suppl 2, page: S4, stat: Journal Article,

The frog as a unique vertebrate model for studying the rhombomeric organization of functionally identified hindbrain neurons
Straka, Hans; Baker, Robert; Gilland, Edwin
2002 Feb-Mar;57(3-4):301-305, Brain research bulletin
— id: 163518, year: 2002, vol: 57, page: 301, stat: Journal Article,

In vivo intracellular recording and perturbation of persistent activity in a neural integrator
Aksay, E; Gamkrelidze, G; Seung, H S; Baker, R; Tank, D W
2001 Feb;4(2):184-193, Nature neuroscience
— id: 163517, year: 2001, vol: 4, page: 184, stat: Journal Article,

Vestibuloocular reflex of the adult flatfish. III. A species-specific reciprocal pattern of excitation and inhibition
Graf W; Spencer R; Baker H; Baker R
2001 Sep;86(3):1376-1388, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 60896, year: 2001, vol: 86, page: 1376, stat: Journal Article,

Development of the vertebrate inner ear
Rinkwitz S; Bober E; Baker R
2001 Oct;942(9):1-14, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
— id: 26566, year: 2001, vol: 942, page: 1, stat: Journal Article,

Rhombomeric organization of vestibular pathways in larval frogs
Straka, H; Baker, R; Gilland, E
2001 Aug;437(1):42-55, Journal of comparative neurology
— id: 163519, year: 2001, vol: 437, page: 42, stat: Journal Article,

Anatomy and discharge properties of pre-motor neurons in the goldfish medulla that have eye-position signals during fixations
Aksay, E; Baker, R; Seung, H S; Tank, D W
2000 Aug;84(2):1035-1049, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 163453, year: 2000, vol: 84, page: 1035, stat: Journal Article,

Imaging of multicellular large-scale rhythmic calcium waves during zebrafish gastrulation
Gilland E; Miller AL; Karplus E; Baker R; Webb SE
1999 Jan 5;96(1):157-161, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
— id: 57035, year: 1999, vol: 96, page: 157, stat: Journal Article,

Structure and function of vestibular and visual pathways controlling horizontal eye movements in the African cichlid fish, Haplochromis burtoni
Gilland, E; Rinkwitz, S; Baker, R
1999 Oct 23-28;25(1-2):1401-1401, Abstracts (Society for Neuroscience)
— id: 15845, year: 1999, vol: 25, page: 1401, stat: Journal Article,

Abducens internuclear and ascending tract of deiters inputs to medial rectus motoneurons in the cat oculomotor nucleus: synaptic organization
Nguyen LT; Baker R; Spencer RF
1999 Mar 8;405(2):141-159, Journal of comparative neurology
— id: 57061, year: 1999, vol: 405, page: 141, stat: Journal Article,

Otolith ocular reflex function of the tangential nucleus in teleost fish
Suwa H; Gilland E; Baker R
1999 May 28;871:1-14, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
— id: 11986, year: 1999, vol: 871, page: 1, stat: Journal Article,

From genes to behavior in the vestibular system
Baker R
1998 Sep;119(3):263-275, Otolaryngology, head & neck surgery
— id: 7496, year: 1998, vol: 119, page: 263, stat: Journal Article,

Lipophilic dye labeling distinguishes segregated central components of the eighth cranial nerve in embryonic chicken
Kubke, M F; Gilland, E; Baker, R
1998 Oct;195(2):218-220, Biological bulletin
— id: 163694, year: 1998, vol: 195, page: 218, stat: Journal Article,

Rhombomeric organization of brainstem motor neurons in larval frogs
Straka H; Gilland E; Baker R
1998 Oct;195(2):220-222, Biological bulletin
— id: 7812, year: 1998, vol: 195, page: 220, stat: Journal Article,

Mossy and climbing fiber pathways play different roles in oculomotor performance and adaptation
Baker, R
1997 FEB 28 ;11(3):3792-3792, FASEB journal
— id: 53265, year: 1997, vol: 11, page: 3792, stat: Journal Article,

Phenotypic specification of hindbrain rhombomeres and the origins of rhythmic circuits in vertebrates
Bass, A H; Baker, R
1997 ;50 Suppl 1:3-16, Brain behavior & evolution
— id: 163693, year: 1997, vol: 50 Suppl 1, page: 3, stat: Journal Article,

Neurobiology/sensory biology - Discussion
Bass, AH; Highstein, SM; Morris, CE; Kawasaki, M; Baker, R; Atema, J; Barlow, R
1997 FEB ;192(1):161-163, Biological bulletin
— id: 53271, year: 1997, vol: 192, page: 161, stat: Journal Article,

Excitatory and inhibitory vestibular pathways to the extraocular motor nuclei in goldfish
Graf W; Spencer R; Baker H; Baker R
1997 May;77(5):2765-2779, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 60897, year: 1997, vol: 77, page: 2765, stat: Journal Article,

Neurobiology/sensory biology - Discussion
Kawasaki, M; Fetcho, JR; Wiederhold, M; Baker, R; Eaton, RC; Baxter, DA; Bass, AH; Morris, CE; Barlow, R; Highstein, SM; Sack, FD
1997 FEB ;192(1):154-156, Biological bulletin
— id: 53270, year: 1997, vol: 192, page: 154, stat: Journal Article,

Normal and adapted visuooculomotor reflexes in goldfish
Marsh E; Baker R
1997 Mar;77(3):1099-1118, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 56968, year: 1997, vol: 77, page: 1099, stat: Journal Article,

Characterization of Purkinje cells in the goldfish cerebellum during eye movement and adaptive modification of the vestibulo-ocular reflex
Pastor, A M; De la Cruz, R R; Baker, R
1997 ;114:359-381, Progress in brain research
— id: 163692, year: 1997, vol: 114, page: 359, stat: Journal Article,

Signal processing by brainstem neurons during spontaneous and nystagmic eye movements in the goldfish
Pastor, M; delaCruz, RR; Baker, R
1996 MAY ;493P(7):S14-S15, Journal of physiology
— id: 52860, year: 1996, vol: 493P, page: S14, stat: Journal Article,

Dendritic morphology of projection neurons in the cat pretectum
Schmidt, M; Lehnert, G; Baker, R G; Hoffmann, K P
1996 Jun;369(4):520-532, Journal of comparative neurology
— id: 163691, year: 1996, vol: 369, page: 520, stat: Journal Article,

Segmental organization of vestibular and reticular projections to spinal and oculomotor nuclei in the zebrafish and goldfish
Suwa, H; Gilland, E; Baker, R
1996 OCT ;191(2):257-259, Biological bulletin
— id: 52732, year: 1996, vol: 191, page: 257, stat: Journal Article,

Effect of temperature on the normal and adapted vestibulo-ocular reflex in the goldfish
McElligott, J G; Weiser, M; Baker, R
1995 Oct;74(4):1463-1472, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 163452, year: 1995, vol: 74, page: 1463, stat: Journal Article,

Vocal-acoustic pathways in a teleost fish
Bass, A H; Marchaterre, M A; Baker, R
1994 Jul;14(7):4025-4039, Journal of neuroscience
— id: 163690, year: 1994, vol: 14, page: 4025, stat: Journal Article,

Cerebellar role in adaptation of the goldfish vestibuloocular reflex
Pastor AM; de la Cruz RR; Baker R
1994 Sep;72(3):1383-1394, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 65784, year: 1994, vol: 72, page: 1383, stat: Journal Article,

Eye position and eye velocity integrators reside in separate brainstem nuclei
Pastor, A M; De la Cruz, R R; Baker, R
1994 Jan;91(2):807-811, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
— id: 163344, year: 1994, vol: 91, page: 807, stat: Journal Article,

Developmental relations between sixth nerve motor neurons and their targets in the chick embryo
Wahl, C M; Noden, D M; Baker, R
1994 Oct;201(2):191-202, Developmental dynamics
— id: 163689, year: 1994, vol: 201, page: 191, stat: Journal Article,

DEVELOPMENTAL RELATIONS BETWEEN 6TH NERVE MOTOR-NEURONS AND THEIR TARGETS IN THE CHICK-EMBRYO
WAHL, CM; NODEN, DM; BAKER, R
1994 OCT ;201(2):191-202, Developmental dynamics
— id: 52315, year: 1994, vol: 201, page: 191, stat: Journal Article,

Conservation of neuroepithelial and mesodermal segments in the embryonic vertebrate head [published erratum appears in Acta Anat (Basel) 1994;149(2):164]
Gilland E; Baker R
1993 ;148(2-3):110-123, Acta anatomica
— id: 7884, year: 1993, vol: 148, page: 110, stat: Journal Article,

LONGITUDINAL AND TANGENTIAL MIGRATION OF CRANIAL NERVE EFFERENT NEURONS IN THE DEVELOPING HINDBRAIN OF SQUALUS-ACANTHIAS
GILLAND, E; BAKER, R
1992 OCT ;183(2):356-358, Biological bulletin
— id: 54406, year: 1992, vol: 183, page: 356, stat: Journal Article,

Anatomical organization of the brainstem octavolateralis area of the oyster toadfish, Opsanus tau
Highstein, S M; Kitch, R; Carey, J; Baker, R
1992 May;319(4):501-518, Journal of comparative neurology
— id: 163660, year: 1992, vol: 319, page: 501, stat: Journal Article,

ANATOMICAL ORGANIZATION OF THE BRAIN-STEM OCTAVOLATERALIS AREA OF THE OYSTER TOADFISH, OPSANUS-TAU
HIGHSTEIN, SM; KITCH, R; CAREY, J; BAKER, R
1992 MAY 22 ;319(4):501-518, Journal of comparative neurology
— id: 51958, year: 1992, vol: 319, page: 501, stat: Journal Article,

CRANIAL EFFERENT NEURONS EXTEND PROCESSES THROUGH THE FLOOR PLATE IN THE DEVELOPING HINDBRAIN
MARSH, E; UCHINO, K; BAKER, R
1992 OCT ;183(2):354-356, Biological bulletin
— id: 54405, year: 1992, vol: 183, page: 354, stat: Journal Article,

Characterization and adaptive modification of the goldfish vestibuloocular reflex by sinusoidal and velocity step vestibular stimulation
Pastor AM; de la Cruz RR; Baker R
1992 Dec;68(6):2003-2015, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 65792, year: 1992, vol: 68, page: 2003, stat: Journal Article,

GABA and glycine as inhibitory neurotransmitters in the vestibuloocular reflex
Spencer, R F; Baker, R
1992 May;656:602-611, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
— id: 163659, year: 1992, vol: 656, page: 602, stat: Journal Article,

The pathways and functions of GABA in the oculomotor system
Spencer, R F; Wang, S F; Baker, R
1992 ;90:307-331, Progress in brain research
— id: 163661, year: 1992, vol: 90, page: 307, stat: Journal Article,

Evolution of homologous vocal control traits
Bass, A; Baker, R
1991 ;38(4-5):240-254, Brain behavior & evolution
— id: 163662, year: 1991, vol: 38, page: 240, stat: Journal Article,

Behavior of cat abducens motoneurons following the injection of toxic ricin into the lateral rectus muscle
de la Cruz, R R; Baker, R; Delgado-Garcia, J M
1991 Mar;544(2):260-268, Brain research
— id: 163665, year: 1991, vol: 544, page: 260, stat: Journal Article,

Response of adult cat abducens internuclear interneurons to selective removal of their target motoneurons
De la Cruz, R R; Baker, R; Delgado-Garcia, J M
1991 ;84(1):167-172, Experimental brain research
— id: 163664, year: 1991, vol: 84, page: 167, stat: Journal Article,

BEHAVIOR OF CAT ABDUCENS MOTONEURONS FOLLOWING THE INJECTION OF TOXIC RICIN INTO THE LATERAL RECTUS MUSCLE
Delacruz, RR; Baker, R; Delgadogarcia, JM
1991 Mar 29;544(2):260-268, Brain research
— id: 32185, year: 1991, vol: 544, page: 260, stat: Journal Article,

RESPONSE OF ADULT CAT ABDUCENS INTERNUCLEAR INTERNEURONS TO SELECTIVE REMOVAL OF THEIR TARGET MOTONEURONS
Delacruz, RR; Baker, R; Delgadogarcia, JM
1991 Apr;84(1):167-172, Experimental brain research
— id: 32188, year: 1991, vol: 84, page: 167, stat: Journal Article,

Influence of temperature on adaptive changes of the vestibuloocular reflex in the goldfish
McElligott JG; Weiser M; Baker R
1991 ;627:375-377, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
— id: 65749, year: 1991, vol: 627, page: 375, stat: Journal Article,

Sexual dimorphisms in the vocal control system of a teleost fish: morphology of physiologically identified neurons
Bass, A H; Baker, R
1990 Dec;21(8):1155-1168, Journal of neurobiology
— id: 163520, year: 1990, vol: 21, page: 1155, stat: Journal Article,

SEXUAL DIMORPHISMS IN THE VOCAL CONTROL-SYSTEM OF A TELEOST FISH - MORPHOLOGY OF PHYSIOLOGICALLY IDENTIFIED NEURONS
Bass, AH; Baker, R
1990 Dec;21(8):1155-1168, Journal of neurobiology
— id: 31825, year: 1990, vol: 21, page: 1155, stat: Journal Article,

Behavior of accessory abducens and abducens motoneurons during eye retraction and rotation in the alert cat
Delgado-Garcia, J M; Evinger, C; Escudero, M; Baker, R
1990 Aug;64(2):413-422, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 163450, year: 1990, vol: 64, page: 413, stat: Journal Article,

Neuronal adaptation accompanying metamorphosis in the flatfish
Graf W; Baker R
1990 Oct;21(7):1136-1152, Journal of neurobiology
— id: 60898, year: 1990, vol: 21, page: 1136, stat: Journal Article,

Synaptic organization of tectal-facial pathways in cat. II. Synaptic potentials following midbrain tegmentum stimulation
May PJ; Vidal PP; Baker R
1990 Aug;64(2):381-402, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 60905, year: 1990, vol: 64, page: 381, stat: Journal Article,

Regeneration and soma size changes following axotomy of the trochlear nerve
Murphy, E H; Brown, J; Iannuzzelli, P G; Baker, R
1990 May;295(4):685-697, Journal of comparative neurology
— id: 163669, year: 1990, vol: 295, page: 685, stat: Journal Article,

Evidence for glycine as an inhibitory neurotransmitter of vestibular, reticular, and prepositus hypoglossi neurons that project to the cat abducens nucleus
Spencer, R F; Wenthold, R J; Baker, R
1989 Aug;9(8):2718-2736, Journal of neuroscience
— id: 163670, year: 1989, vol: 9, page: 2718, stat: Journal Article,

Behavior of neurons in the abducens nucleus of the alert cat--III. Axotomized motoneurons
Delgado-Garcia, J M; Del Pozo, F; Spencer, R F; Baker, R
1988 Jan;24(1):143-160, Neuroscience
— id: 163673, year: 1988, vol: 24, page: 143, stat: Journal Article,

Synaptic organization of the tectal-facial pathways in the cat. I. Synaptic potentials following collicular stimulation
Vidal PP; May PJ; Baker R
1988 Aug;60(2):769-797, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 11010, year: 1988, vol: 60, page: 769, stat: Journal Article,

EYE-MOVEMENT REPERTOIRE OF THE CABAZON SCULPIN, SCORPAENICHTHYS-MARMORATUS
Weiser, M; Bass, A; Mcelligott, JG; Baker, R
1988 Oct;175(2):308-308, Biological bulletin
— id: 31428, year: 1988, vol: 175, page: 308, stat: Journal Article,

Extra- and intracellular HRP analysis of the organization of extraocular motoneurons and internuclear neurons in the guinea pig and rabbit
Evinger C; Graf WM; Baker R
1987 Aug 15;262(3):429-445, Journal of comparative neurology
— id: 60899, year: 1987, vol: 262, page: 429, stat: Journal Article,

Motoneuronal innervation and mechanical properties of extraocular muscles in the catfish, (Ictalurus punctatus)
Lennerstrand, G; Baker, R
1987 Nov;131(3):361-369, Acta physiologica Scandinavica
— id: 163674, year: 1987, vol: 131, page: 361, stat: Journal Article,

MOTONEURONAL INNERVATION AND MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES OF EXTRAOCULAR-MUSCLES IN THE CATFISH, (ICTALURUS-PUNCTATUS)
LENNERSTRAND, G; BAKER, R
1987 NOV ;131(3):361-369, Acta physiologica Scandinavica
— id: 41660, year: 1987, vol: 131, page: 361, stat: Journal Article,

Morphology and distribution of serotoninergic and oculomotor internuclear neurons in the cat midbrain
May PJ; Baker H; Vidal PP; Spencer RF; Baker R
1987 Dec 8;266(2):150-170, Journal of comparative neurology
— id: 11295, year: 1987, vol: 266, page: 150, stat: Journal Article,

Anatomy and physiology of intracellularly labelled omnipause neurons in the cat and squirrel monkey
Strassman, A; Evinger, C; McCrea, R A; Baker, R G; Highstein, S M
1987 ;67(2):436-440, Experimental brain research
— id: 163677, year: 1987, vol: 67, page: 436, stat: Journal Article,

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF INTRACELLULARLY LABELED OMNIPAUSE NEURONS IN THE CAT AND SQUIRREL-MONKEY
Strassman, A; Evinger, C; Mccrea, RA; Baker, RG; Highstein, SM
1987 Jul;67(2):436-440, Experimental brain research
— id: 31155, year: 1987, vol: 67, page: 436, stat: Journal Article,

BRAIN-STEM NEURONS ARE PECULIAR FOR OCULOMOTOR ORGANIZATION
BAKER, R
1986 JUN 11 ;64(2):257-271, Progress in brain research
— id: 41389, year: 1986, vol: 64, page: 257, stat: Journal Article,

Behavior of neurons in the abducens nucleus of the alert cat--I. Motoneurons
Delgado-Garcia, J M; del Pozo, F; Baker, R
1986 Apr;17(4):929-952, Neuroscience
— id: 163675, year: 1986, vol: 17, page: 929, stat: Journal Article,

Behavior of neurons in the abducens nucleus of the alert cat--II. Internuclear neurons
Delgado-Garcia, J M; del Pozo, F; Baker, R
1986 Apr;17(4):953-973, Neuroscience
— id: 163676, year: 1986, vol: 17, page: 953, stat: Journal Article,

Organization of the efferent vestibular nuclei and nerves of the toadfish, Opsanus tau
Highstein, S M; Baker, R
1986 Jan;243(3):309-325, Journal of comparative neurology
— id: 163671, year: 1986, vol: 243, page: 309, stat: Journal Article,

MOTONEURONS AND INTERNUCLEAR NEURONS OF THE MOUSE ABDUCENS NUCLEUS
SHAW, MD; BAKER, R
1986 MAR ;214(3):A120-A120, Anatomical record
— id: 41488, year: 1986, vol: 214, page: A120, stat: Journal Article,

Histochemical localization of acetylcholinesterase in relation to motor neurons and internuclear neurons of the cat abducens nucleus
Spencer, R F; Baker, R
1986 Apr;15(2):137-154, Journal of neurocytology
— id: 163678, year: 1986, vol: 15, page: 137, stat: Journal Article,

HISTOCHEMICAL-LOCALIZATION OF ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE IN RELATION TO MOTOR NEURONS AND INTERNUCLEAR NEURONS OF THE CAT ABDUCENS NUCLEUS
SPENCER, RF; BAKER, R
1986 APR ;15(2):137-154, Journal of neurocytology
— id: 41588, year: 1986, vol: 15, page: 137, stat: Journal Article,

An intracellular HRP-study of cat tensor tympani motoneurons
Friauf, E; Baker, R
1985 ;57(3):499-511, Experimental brain research
— id: 163679, year: 1985, vol: 57, page: 499, stat: Journal Article,

The vestibuloocular reflex of the adult flatfish. I. Oculomotor organization
Graf W; Baker R
1985 Oct;54(4):887-899, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 60901, year: 1985, vol: 54, page: 887, stat: Journal Article,

The vestibuloocular reflex of the adult flatfish. II. Vestibulooculomotor connectivity
Graf W; Baker R
1985 Oct;54(4):900-916, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 60900, year: 1985, vol: 54, page: 900, stat: Journal Article,

Action of the efferent vestibular system on primary afferents in the toadfish, Opsanus tau
Highstein, S M; Baker, R
1985 Aug;54(2):370-384, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 163681, year: 1985, vol: 54, page: 370, stat: Journal Article,

Anatomical connections of the nucleus prepositus of the cat
McCrea, R A; Baker, R
1985 Jul;237(3):377-407, Journal of comparative neurology
— id: 163672, year: 1985, vol: 237, page: 377, stat: Journal Article,

Cytology and intrinsic organization of the perihypoglossal nuclei in the cat
McCrea, R A; Baker, R
1985 Jul;237(3):360-376, Journal of comparative neurology
— id: 163682, year: 1985, vol: 237, page: 360, stat: Journal Article,

Morphology of motoneurons in a mixed motor pool of the cat facial nucleus that innervate orbicularis oculis and quadratus labii superioris, stained intracellularly with horseradish peroxidase
Shaw, M D; Baker, R
1985 Feb;14(2):627-643, Neuroscience
— id: 163680, year: 1985, vol: 14, page: 627, stat: Journal Article,

TOADFISH SONIC MOTOR SYSTEM .2. MORPHOLOGY
Weiser, M; Bennett, NT; Bennett, MVL; Baker, R
1985 ;169(2):556-557, Biological bulletin
— id: 30823, year: 1985, vol: 169, page: 556, stat: Journal Article,

Blinking and associated eye movements in humans, guinea pigs, and rabbits
Evinger, C; Shaw, M D; Peck, C K; Manning, K A; Baker, R
1984 Aug;52(2):323-339, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 163448, year: 1984, vol: 52, page: 323, stat: Journal Article,

"SYNAPTIC POTENTIALS IN ANTIDROMICALLY IDENTIFIED OCULOMOTONEURONS IN THE WINTER FLOUNDER, PSEUDOPLEURONECTES-AMERICANUS"
GRAF, W; BAKER, R
1984 ;167(2):527-527, Biological bulletin
— id: 40880, year: 1984, vol: 167, page: 527, stat: Journal Article,

Adaptive changes of the vestibulo-ocular reflex in flatfish are achieved by reorganization of central nervous pathways
Graf W; Baker R
1983 Aug 19;221(4612):777-779, Science
— id: 60902, year: 1983, vol: 221, page: 777, stat: Journal Article,

Morphology of posterior canal related secondary vestibular neurons in rabbit and cat
Graf W; McCrea RA; Baker R
1983 ;52(1):125-138, Experimental brain research
— id: 60903, year: 1983, vol: 52, page: 125, stat: Journal Article,

Direct projections from vestibular nuclei to facial nucleus in cats
Shaw, M D; Baker, R
1983 Dec;50(6):1265-1280, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 163447, year: 1983, vol: 50, page: 1265, stat: Journal Article,

The locations of stapedius and tensor tympani motoneurons in the cat
Shaw, M D; Baker, R
1983 May;216(1):10-19, Journal of comparative neurology
— id: 163685, year: 1983, vol: 216, page: 10, stat: Journal Article,

Comparison of the morphology of physiologically identified abducens motor and internuclear neurons in the cat: a light microscopic study employing the intracellular injection of horseradish peroxidase
Highstein, S M; Karabelas, A; Baker, R; McCrea, R A
1982 Jul;208(4):369-381, Journal of comparative neurology
— id: 163687, year: 1982, vol: 208, page: 369, stat: Journal Article,

Neuronal activity in prepositus nucleus correlated with eye movement in the alert cat
Lopez-Barneo, J; Darlot, C; Berthoz, A; Baker, R
1982 Feb;47(2):329-352, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 163446, year: 1982, vol: 47, page: 329, stat: Journal Article,

Electron microscopic observations of axon collateral synaptic endings of cat oculomotor motoneurons stained by intracellular injection of horseradish peroxidase
Spencer RF; Evinger C; Baker R
1982 Feb 25;234(2):423-429, Brain research
— id: 63143, year: 1982, vol: 234, page: 423, stat: Journal Article,

Some thoughts about the three neurons in the vestibular ocular reflex
Baker, R; Evinger, C; McCrea, R A
1981 ;374:171-188, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
— id: 163686, year: 1981, vol: 374, page: 171, stat: Journal Article,

SOME THOUGHTS ABOUT THE 3 NEURONS IN THE VESTIBULAR OCULAR REFLEX
BAKER, R; EVINGER, C; MCCREA, RA
1981 ;374(NOV):171-188, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
— id: 40303, year: 1981, vol: 374, page: 171, stat: Journal Article,

DIFFERENTIAL LOCALIZATION OF ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE (ACHE) IN CAT ABDUCENS MOTO-NEURONS AND INTER-NUCLEAR NEURONS
SPENCER, RF; BAKER, R
1981 ;199(3):A243-A243, Anatomical record
— id: 40238, year: 1981, vol: 199, page: A243, stat: Journal Article,

Synaptic organization of cat accessory abducens nucleus
Baker R; McCrea RA; Spencer RF
1980 Mar;43(3):771-791, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 63139, year: 1980, vol: 43, page: 771, stat: Journal Article,

MORPHOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL IDENTIFICATION OF EXCITATORY PONTINE RETICULAR NEURONS PROJECTING TO THE CAT ABDUCENS NUCLEUS AND SPINAL-CORD
Grantyn, R; Baker, R; Grantyn, A
1980 ;198(1):221-228, Brain research
— id: 27973, year: 1980, vol: 198, page: 221, stat: Journal Article,

Eye movement related activity and morphology of second order vestibular neurons terminating in the cat abducens nucleus
McCrea, R A; Yoshida, K; Berthoz, A; Baker, R
1980 ;40(4):468-473, Experimental brain research
— id: 163688, year: 1980, vol: 40, page: 468, stat: Journal Article,

EYE-MOVEMENT RELATED ACTIVITY AND MORPHOLOGY OF 2ND ORDER VESTIBULAR NEURONS TERMINATING IN THE CAT ABDUCENS NUCLEUS
Mccrea, RA; Yoshida, K; Berthoz, A; Baker, R
1980 ;40(4):468-473, Experimental brain research
— id: 27940, year: 1980, vol: 40, page: 468, stat: Journal Article,

Localization and morphology of cat retractor bulbi motoneurons
Spencer, R F; Baker, R; McCrea, R A
1980 Mar;43(3):754-770, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 163445, year: 1980, vol: 43, page: 754, stat: Journal Article,

MORPHO-PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE CAT ACCESSORY ABDUCENS NUCLEUS
Baker, R; Mccrea, R; Spencer, RF
1979 ;193(3):474-475, Anatomical record
— id: 30140, year: 1979, vol: 193, page: 474, stat: Journal Article,

Axon collaterals of cat medial rectus motoneurons
Evinger, C; Baker, R; McCrea, R A
1979 Sep;174(1):153-160, Brain research
— id: 163683, year: 1979, vol: 174, page: 153, stat: Journal Article,

Afferent and efferent organization of the prepositus hypoglossi nucleus
McCrea, R A; Baker, R; Delgado-Garcia, J
1979 ;50:653-665, Progress in brain research
— id: 163684, year: 1979, vol: 50, page: 653, stat: Journal Article,

Vestibular projections to medial rectus subdivision of oculomotor nucleus
Baker, R; Highstein, S M
1978 Nov;41(6):1629-1646, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 163443, year: 1978, vol: 41, page: 1629, stat: Journal Article,

Excitatory termination of abducens internuclear neurons on medial rectus motoneurons: relationship to syndrome of internuclear ophthalmoplegia
Highstein, S M; Baker, R
1978 Nov;41(6):1647-1661, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 163444, year: 1978, vol: 41, page: 1647, stat: Journal Article,

Monosynaptic excitation of trochlear motoneurons following electrical stimulation of the prepositus hypoglossi nucleus
Baker R; Berthoz A; Delgado-Garcia J
1977 Jan 31;121(1):157-161, Brain research
— id: 63142, year: 1977, vol: 121, page: 157, stat: Journal Article,

RESPONSES OF CAT PREPOSITUS HYPOGLOSSI NEURONS TO HORIZONTAL ANGULAR-ACCELERATION
Blanks, RHI; Volkind, R; Precht, W; Baker, R
1977 ;2(3):391-403, Neuroscience
— id: 29533, year: 1977, vol: 2, page: 391, stat: Journal Article,

2 PROJECTIONS OF OCULOMOTOR INTERNUCLEAR NEURONS
Maciewicz, RJ; Romagnano, MA; Baker, R; Highstein, SM
1977 ;187(4):642-643, Anatomical record
— id: 29609, year: 1977, vol: 187, page: 642, stat: Journal Article,

Internal organization of the cat inferior olive
Baker R; Llinas R; Sotelo C
1975 ;21(S1):16-16, Journal of postgraduate medicine
— id: 55762, year: 1975, vol: 21, page: 16, stat: Journal Article,

Physiological identification of interneurons and motoneurons in the abducens nucleus
Baker, R; Highstein, S M
1975 Jun;91(2):292-298, Brain research
— id: 163657, year: 1975, vol: 91, page: 292, stat: Journal Article,

Morphophysiological identification of interneurons in the oculomotor nucleus that project to the abducens nucleus in the cat
Maciewicz, R J; Kaneko, C R; Highstein, S M; Baker, R
1975 Oct;96(1):60-65, Brain research
— id: 163658, year: 1975, vol: 96, page: 60, stat: Journal Article,

Blockage of inhibition by ammonium acetate action on chloride pump in cat trochlear motoneurons
Llinas R; Baker R; Precht W
1974 May;37(3):522-532, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 9998, year: 1974, vol: 37, page: 522, stat: Journal Article,

Electronic coupling between inferior olive neurons in the cat
Llinas R; Baker R; Sotelo C
1974 ;37:2-2, Electroencephalography & clinical neurophysiology
— id: 55734, year: 1974, vol: 37, page: 2, stat: Journal Article,

Electrotonic coupling between neurons in cat inferior olive
Llinas R; Baker R; Sotelo C
1974 May;37(3):560-571, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 9996, year: 1974, vol: 37, page: 560, stat: Journal Article,

Blockage of chloride pump in trochlear motoneurons by ammonium acetate
Llinas R; Precht W; Baker R
1974 ;347(Suppl):R29-R29 abstract #58, Pflugers archiv = European journal of physiology
— id: 55735, year: 1974, vol: 347, page: R29, stat: Journal Article,

Structural study of inferior olivary nucleus of the cat: morphological correlates of electrotonic coupling
Sotelo C; Llinas R; Baker R
1974 May;37(3):541-559, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 9997, year: 1974, vol: 37, page: 541, stat: Journal Article,

Electrical transmission between cells in the inferior olive of the cat
Llinas R; Baker R; Sotelo C
1973 ;3:156-156, Abstracts (Society for Neuroscience)
— id: 55747, year: 1973, vol: 3, page: 156, stat: Journal Article,

Cerebellar modulatory action on the vestibulo-trochlear pathway in the cat
Baker R; Precht W; Llinas R
1972 ;15(4):364-385, Experimental brain research
— id: 10011, year: 1972, vol: 15, page: 364, stat: Journal Article,

Mossy and climbing fiber projections of extraocular muscle afferents to the cerebellum
Baker R; Precht W; Llinas R
1972 Mar 24;38(2):440-445, Brain research
— id: 10010, year: 1972, vol: 38, page: 440, stat: Journal Article,

A chloride-dependent inhibitory postsynaptic potential in cat trochlear motoneurons
Llinas R; Baker R
1972 Jul;35(4):484-492, Journal of neurophysiology
— id: 10007, year: 1972, vol: 35, page: 484, stat: Journal Article,

Intracellular potentials evoked in trochlear motoneurones by vestibular nerve activation
Baker R; Precht W; Llinas R
1971 ;30:A105-A105, Federation proceedings (Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology)
— id: 55707, year: 1971, vol: 30, page: A105, stat: Journal Article,

Electrotonic coupling between neurones in the rat mesencephalic nucleus
Baker, R; Llinas, R
1971 Jan;212(1):45-63, Journal of physiology
— id: 10018, year: 1971, vol: 212, page: 45, stat: Journal Article,

Cerebellar control of ipsilateral vestibular inhibition of trochlear motoneurons
Precht W; Baker R; Llinas R
1971 ;9:460-460, Proceedings of the International Union of Physiological Sciences
— id: 55724, year: 1971, vol: 9, page: 460, stat: Journal Article,

Electronic coupling between neurons in the mesencephalic root of the Vth nerve in the rat
Baker R; Llinas R
1970 ;10:64A-64A, Abstracts (Biophysical Society)
— id: 55730, year: 1970, vol: 10, page: 64A, stat: Journal Article,