Leon Axel

Biosketch / Results /

Leon Axel, M.D., Ph.D.

Professor;
Departments of Radiology (Radiology), Medicine (Administration) and Neuroscience and Physiology (Neuro/Phys)
NYU Radiology Associates

Clinical Addresses

DEPARTMENT OF RADIOLOGY
560 FIRST AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10016
Hours: Mon. 9 - 5; Tue. 9 - 5; Wed. 9 - 5; Thu. 9 - 5; Fri. 9 - 5
Handicap Access: yes
Phone: 212-263-6248

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Medical Specialties

Radiology

Clinical Responsibilities

Heart disease, particularly related to ischemia and infarction, remains the principal cause of morbidity and death in the Western World. MRI and CT have the potential of playing significant roles in the evaluation of the heart, both for research and clinical applications.

Current clinical/clinical research activities include MRI evaluation of congenital heart disease and heart failure and fast CT evaluation of coronary artery disease and other cardiovascular abnormalities. As our new methods for MRI evaluation of quantitative regional cardiac function and perfusion are further developed, they will be evaluated in selected patient populations.

Insurance

AETNA HMO, AETNA INDEMNITY, AETNA MEDICARE, AETNA POS, AETNA PPO/EPO, AFFINITY, AFFINITY EXCHANGE- ESSENTIAL, AMERICAN IMAGING NETWORK, CIGNA EPO/POS, Cigna PPO, EBCBS EPO, EBCBS HLTHY NY, EBCBS HMO, EBCBS INDEMNITY, EBCBS MEDIBLUE, EBCBS POS, EBCBS PPO, FIDELIS CHLD HLTH, FIDELIS EXCHANGE, FIDELIS FAM HLTH, FIDELIS MEDICARE, Fidelis Medicaid, GHI CBP, HEALTHPLUS CHLD HLTH (AMERIGROUP), HEALTHPLUS FAM HLTH (AMERIGROUP), HEALTHPLUS MEDICAID (AMERIGROUP), HEALTHREPUBLIC, HIP ACCESS I, HIP ACCESS II, HIP CHLD HLTH, HIP EPO/PPO, HIP FAM HLTH, HIP HMO, HIP MEDICAID, HIP MEDICARE, HIP POS, HOTEL TRADES, LOCAL 1199 PPO, MAGNACARE PPO, METROPLUS CHLD HLTH, METROPLUS EXCHANGE PLANS, METROPLUS FAM HLTH, MULTIPLAN/PHCS PPO, Medicare, MetroPlus Medicaid, NY MEDICAID, NYS EMPIRE PLAN, OSCAR, OXFORD EXCHANGE, OXFORD FREEDOM Oxford Liberty, Oxford Medicare, TOUCHSTONE MEDICARE, Tricare, UHC COMMUNITY & STATE PLAN, UHC EPO, UHC HMO, UHC MEDICARE, UHC POS, UHC PPO, UHC TOP TIER, UNITED EXCHANGE- COMPASS, UPN Elite, US DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, WELLCARE CHLD HLTH, WELLCARE FAM HLTH, WELLCARE MEDICAID, WELLCARE MEDICARE

Insurance Disclaimer: Insurance listed above may not be accepted at all office locations. Please confirm prior to each visit. The information presented here may not be complete or may have changed.

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Board Certification

1980 — Ab Radiology - Diagnostic Radiology

Education

1971-1976 — University of California - San Francisco, Medical Education
1976-1977 — University of California - San Francisco (Internal Medicine), Internship
1977-1980 — University of California - San Francisco (Diagnostic Radiology), Residency Training
1980-1981 — University of California - San Francisco (CT Ultrasound), Clinical Fellowships

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Research Summary

Heart disease, particularly related to ischemia and infarction, remains the principal cause of morbidity and death in the Western World. MRI and CT have the potential of playing significant roles in the evaluation of the heart, both for research and clinical applications. <br><br>The Cardiac Imaging and Analysis Laboratory (CARDIAL), under the direction of Leon Axel, is a multidisciplinary group dedicated to the development and evaluation of new cardiac imaging methods, particularly those involving quantitative characterization of such physiologic aspects as function and perfusion. This includes development of novel MRI cardiac imaging methods such as tagged MRI for regional cardiac function analysis and rapid quantitative imaging for perfusion studies, and associated programs for image analysis, as well as research on their basic and clinical applications. <br>

Research Interests

Cardiac MRI, including MR image acquisition and image analysis methods development and applications to studies of cardiac physiology and pathophysiology

Research Keywords

MRI, CT, heart, cardiac function, cardiac perfusion, image processing, MRI physics, congenital heart disease

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All data from NYU Health Sciences Library Faculty Bibliography — -

Contact:
http://hsl.med.nyu.edu/faculty-bibliography-search

The Need for Speed: Accelerating CMR Imaging Assessment of Cardiac Function
Axel, Leon; Sodickson, Daniel K
2014 Sep;7(9):893-895, JACC: Cardiovascular imaging
— id: 1209462, year: 2014, vol: 7, page: 893, stat: Journal Article,

MR myocardial perfusion analysis of first-pass enhancement kinetics with a lagrangian approach
Chung, S; Shah, B; Iqbal, S; Slater, J; Axel, L
2014 16 Jan 2014;16:-, Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance
— id: 837012, year: 2014, vol: 16, page: , stat: Journal Article,

Liver stiffness assessment with tagged MRI of cardiac-induced liver motion in cirrhosis patients
Chung, Sohae; Kim, Kyoung-Eun; Park, Mi-Suk; Bhagavatula, Sharath; Babb, James; Axel, Leon
2014 May;39(5):1301-1307, Journal of magnetic resonance imaging
— id: 881942, year: 2014, vol: 39, page: 1301, stat: Journal Article,

Compressed sensing with synchronized cardio-respiratory sparsity for free-breathing cine MRI: Initial comparative study on patients with arrhythmias
Feng, L; Axel, L; Latson, L A; Xu, J; Sodickson, D K; Otazo, R
2014 16 Jan 2014;16:-, Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance
— id: 837022, year: 2014, vol: 16, page: , stat: Journal Article,

Synchronized cardiac and respiratory sparsity for rapid free-breathing cardiac cine MRI
Feng, L; Axel, L; Xu, J; Sodickson, D K; Otazo, R
2014 16 Jan 2014;16:-, Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance
— id: 837002, year: 2014, vol: 16, page: , stat: Journal Article,

Fast multi-contrast MRI reconstruction
Huang, Junzhou; Chen, Chen; Axel, Leon
2014 Sep;:589-597, Magnetic resonance imaging
— id: 1258192, year: 2014, vol: , page: 589, stat: Journal Article,

Intimal sarcoma in the aortic arch partially obstructing the aorta with metastasis to the brain
Mecklai, Alicia; Rosenzweig, Barry; Applebaum, Robert; Axel, Leon; Grossi, Eugene; Chan, Alexander; Saric, Muhamed
2014 Aug;41(4):433-436, Texas Heart Institute journal
— id: 1131972, year: 2014, vol: 41, page: 433, stat: Journal Article,

Preface
N Metaxas, Dimitris; Axel, Leon
2014 Aug;18(6):819-819, Medical image analysis
— id: 1036802, year: 2014, vol: 18, page: 819, stat: Journal Article,

Diastolic dysfunction in patients with ischemic symptoms without obstructive coronary artery disease
Reynolds, Harmony R; Axel, Leon; Hochman, Judith S
2014 May;7(3):420-421, Circulation. Cardiovascular imaging
— id: 1005002, year: 2014, vol: 7, page: 420, stat: Journal Article,

A novel and practical cardiovascular magnetic resonance method to quantify mitral annular excursion and recoil applied to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Saba, Shahryar G; Chung, Sohae; Bhagavatula, Sharath; Donnino, Robert; Srichai, Monvadi B; Saric, Muhamed; Katz, Stuart D; Axel, Leon
2014 ;16(1):35-35, Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance
— id: 1030702, year: 2014, vol: 16, page: 35, stat: Journal Article,

Meshless Deformable Models for 3D Cardiac Motion and Strain Analysis from Tagged MRI
Wang, Xiaoxu; Chen, Ting; Zhang, Shaoting; Schaerer, Joel; Qian, Zhen; Huh, Suejung; Metaxas, Dimitris; Axel, Leon
2014 Aug;:243-248, Magnetic resonance imaging
— id: 1162302, year: 2014, vol: , page: 243, stat: Journal Article,

These abstracts have been selected for moderated presentations on SCREEN A. Please refer to the the PROGRAM and the infos on the screen for more details about schedule, moderators and presenters
Williams, Rp; Asrress, Kn; Yousuff, M; Goodwin, C; Lumley, M; Khawaja, M; Myat, A; Arri, S; Patterson, T; Lockie, Tp; Nagel, E; Perera, D; Marber, M; Chiribiri, A; Redwood, S; Plein, S; Feistritzer, Hj; Klug, G; Reinstadler, Sj; Mair, J; Schocke, M; Franz, Wm; Metzler, B; McGraw, S; Mirza, O; Bauml, Ma; Gonzalez, Rc; Dickens, C; Farzaneh-Far, A; McAlindon, E; Vizzi, V; Strange, J; Edmond, J; Johnson, T; Baumbach, A; Bucciarelli-Ducci, C; Pharithi, Rb; Meela, M; Conway, M; Kropmans, T; Newell, M; Aquaro, Gd; Frijia, F; Positano, V; Santarelli, Mf; Wiesinger, F; Lionetti, V; Giovannetti, G; Schulte, Rf; Landini, L; Menichetti, L; Amzulescu, Ms; Rousseau, Mf; Ahn, Sa; de Ravenstein, Cm; Vancraeynest, D; Pasquet, A; Vanoverschelde, Jl; Pouleur, Ac; Gerber, Bl; Pfaffenberger, S; Fandl, T; Marzluf, B; Babayev, J; Juen, K; Schenk, P; Binder, T; Vonbank, K; Mascherbauer, J; Almeida, Ag; Sa, Ab; Brito, D; David, C; Marques, Js; Almeida, A; Silva, D; de Sousa, J; Diogo, An; Pinto, Fj; Masci, Pg; Del Torto, A; Barison, A; Aquaro, Gd; Chiappino, S; Vergaro, G; Passino, C; Emdin, M; Saba, Sg; Sachdev, V; Hannoush, H; Axel, L; Arai, Ae; Mykhailova, L; Kravchun, P; Lapshina, L
2014 May;15 Suppl 1:i8-i11, European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging
— id: 1004932, year: 2014, vol: 15 Suppl 1, page: i8, stat: Journal Article,

Evaluation of diastolic function by three-dimensional volume tracking of the mitral annulus with cardiovascular magnetic resonance: comparison with tissue Doppler imaging
Wu, Vincent; Chyou, Janice Y; Chung, Sohae; Bhagavatula, Sharath; Axel, Leon
2014 Sep;16(1):71-71, Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance
— id: 1259132, year: 2014, vol: 16, page: 71, stat: Journal Article,

Deformable models with sparsity constraints for cardiac motion analysis
Yu, Yang; Zhang, Shaoting; Li, Kang; Metaxas, Dimitris; Axel, Leon
2014 Mar;:208-219, Medical image analysis
— id: 962822, year: 2014, vol: , page: 208, stat: Journal Article,

Can FFR be reliably calculated from cardiac computed tomography without consideration of collateral flow?
Axel, Leon
2013 Nov;62(20):1912-1912, Journal of the American College of Cardiology
— id: 962792, year: 2013, vol: 62, page: 1912, stat: Journal Article,

Golden-angle radial sparse parallel MRI: Combination of compressed sensing, parallel imaging, and golden-angle radial sampling for fast and flexible dynamic volumetric MRI
Feng, Li; Grimm, Robert; Tobias Block, Kai; Chandarana, Hersh; Kim, Sungheon; Xu, Jian; Axel, Leon; Sodickson, Daniel K; Otazo, Ricardo
2013 Oct;:707-717, Magnetic resonance in medicine
— id: 817022, year: 2013, vol: , page: 707, stat: Journal Article,

Arrhythmia insensitive rapid cardiac T1 mapping pulse sequence
Fitts, Michelle; Breton, Elodie; Kholmovski, Eugene G; Dosdall, Derek J; Vijayakumar, Sathya; Hong, Kyung P; Ranjan, Ravi; Marrouche, Nassir F; Axel, Leon; Kim, Daniel
2013 Nov;70(5):1274-1282, Magnetic resonance in medicine
— id: 628732, year: 2013, vol: 70, page: 1274, stat: Journal Article,

Segmenting the papillary muscles and the trabeculae from high resolution cardiac CT through restoration of topological handles
Gao, Mingchen; Chen, Chao; Zhang, Shaoting; Qian, Zhen; Metaxas, Dimitris; Axel, Leon
2013 ;23:184-195, Information processing in medical imaging
— id: 962802, year: 2013, vol: 23, page: 184, stat: Journal Article,

CT and MRI appearances of cardiac pseudotumours
Rueff, Laura E; Srichai, Monvadi B; Jacobs, Jill E; Axel, Leon; Lim, Ruth P
2013 Oct;57(5):582-588, Journal of medical imaging & radiation oncology
— id: 574212, year: 2013, vol: 57, page: 582, stat: Journal Article,

Diagnostic Performance of Dark-Blood T2-Weighted CMR for Evaluation of Acute Myocardial Injury
Srichai, Monvadi B; Lim, Ruth P; Lath, Narayan; Babb, James; Axel, Leon; Kim, Daniel
2013 Jan;48(1):24-31, Investigative radiology
— id: 202332, year: 2013, vol: 48, page: 24, stat: Journal Article,

Sparse deformable models with application to cardiac motion analysis
Yu, Yang; Zhang, Shaoting; Huang, Junzhou; Metaxas, Dimitris; Axel, Leon
2013 ;23:208-219, Information processing in medical imaging
— id: 962812, year: 2013, vol: 23, page: 208, stat: Journal Article,

Patient-specific finite element-based analysis of ventricular myofiber stress after coapsys: importance of residual stress
Carrick, Richard; Ge, Liang; Lee, Lik Chuan; Zhang, Zhihong; Mishra, Rakesh; Axel, Leon; Guccione, Julius M; Grossi, Eugene A; Ratcliffe, Mark B
2012 Jun;93(6):1964-1971, Annals of thoracic surgery
— id: 169560, year: 2012, vol: 93, page: 1964, stat: Journal Article,

Fast multi-contrast MRI reconstruction
Huang, Junzhou; Chen, Chen; Axel, Leon
2012 ;15:281-288, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 962782, year: 2012, vol: 15, page: 281, stat: Journal Article,

Response to letters regarding article, mechanisms of myocardial infarction in women without angiographically obstructive coronary artery disease
Reynolds, H R; Iqbal, S N; Slater, J N; Feit, F; Pena-Sing, I; Attubato, M J; Yatskar, L; Kalhorn, R T; Hochman, J S; Srichai, M B; Axel, L; John, Mancini G B; Wood, D A; Lobach, I V
2012 07 Aug 2012;126(6):e83-, Circulation
— id: 175825, year: 2012, vol: 126, page: e83, stat: Journal Article,

Towards a five-minute comprehensive cardiac MR examination using highly accelerated parallel imaging with a 32-element coil array: Feasibility and initial comparative evaluation
Xu, Jian; Kim, Daniel; Otazo, Ricardo; Srichai, Monvadi B; Lim, Ruth P; Axel, Leon; McGorty, Kelly Anne; Niendorf, Thoralf; Sodickson, Daniel K
2012 Nov;:180-188, Journal of magnetic resonance imaging
— id: 364102, year: 2012, vol: , page: 180, stat: Journal Article,

Quantitative contrast-enhanced first-pass cardiac perfusion MRI at 3 tesla with accurate arterial input function and myocardial wall enhancement
Breton E; Kim D; Chung S; Axel L
2011 Jul 14;:676-684, Journal of magnetic resonance imaging
— id: 138509, year: 2011, vol: , page: 676, stat: Journal Article,

Liver stiffness assessment by tagged MRI of cardiac-induced liver motion
Chung, Sohae; Breton, Elodie; Mannelli, Lorenzo; Axel, Leon
2011 Apr;65(4):949-955, Magnetic resonance in medicine
— id: 127232, year: 2011, vol: 65, page: 949, stat: Journal Article,

Patient-specific modeling and visualization of blood flow through the heart
Kulp, S; Metaxas, D; Qian, Zhen; Voros, S; Axel, L; Mihalef, V
2011 ;2011:1692-1697, Proceedings (IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging : from nano to macro)
— id: 135353, year: 2011, vol: 2011, page: 1692, stat: Journal Article,

Using high resolution cardiac CT data to model and visualize patient-specific interactions between trabeculae and blood flow
Kulp, Scott; Gao, Mingchen; Zhang, Shaoting; Qian, Zhen; Voros, Szilard; Metaxas, Dimitris; Axel, Leon
2011 ;14:468-475, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 962772, year: 2011, vol: 14, page: 468, stat: Journal Article,

Functional imaging and modeling of the heart
Metaxas, Dimitris N.; Axel, Leon
Berlin : Springer, 2011,
— id: 2308, year: 2011, vol: , page: , stat: ,

Combination of compressed sensing and parallel imaging with respiratory motion correction for highly-accelerated cardiac perfusion MRI
Otazo R.; Kim D.; Axel L.; Sodickson D.K.
2011 ;13:?-?, Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance
— id: 135612, year: 2011, vol: 13, page: ?, stat: Journal Article,

Identifying regional cardiac abnormalities from myocardial strains using nontracking-based strain estimation and spatio-temporal tensor analysis
Qian, Zhen; Liu, Qingshan; Metaxas, Dimitris N; Axel, Leon
2011 Dec;30(12):2017-2029, IEEE transactions on medical imaging
— id: 962762, year: 2011, vol: 30, page: 2017, stat: Journal Article,

Mechanisms of Myocardial Infarction in Women Without Angiographically Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease
Reynolds HR; Srichai MB; Iqbal SN; Slater JN; Mancini GB; Feit F; Pena-Sing I; Axel L; Attubato MJ; Yatskar L; Kalhorn RT; Wood DA; Lobach IV; Hochman JS
2011 Sep 27;124(13):1414-1425, Circulation
— id: 137093, year: 2011, vol: 124, page: 1414, stat: Journal Article,

Quantitative assessment of atrioventricular plane displacement in normal and diastolic heart failure - A cine MRI study
Anand R.; Chung S.; Bhagavatula S.; Axel L.
2010 ;12:137-137, Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance
— id: 135282, year: 2010, vol: 12, page: 137, stat: Journal Article,

Intracavitary "fountains" in left ventricular noncompaction
Axel, Leon
2010 Jul 20;56(4):e7-e7, Journal of the American College of Cardiology
— id: 111387, year: 2010, vol: 56, page: e7, stat: Journal Article,

In vivo validation of a theory-based single-point T 1mapping pulse sequence for quantitative first-pass cardiac perfusion MRI
Breton, E; Eum, H; Chung, S; Kim, D; Axel, L
2010 ;12(SUPPL. 1):- M7, Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance
— id: 656102, year: 2010, vol: 12, page: , stat: Journal Article,

Image-guided radio-frequency gain calibration for high-field MRI
Breton, Elodie; McGorty, Kellyanne; Wiggins, Graham C; Axel, Leon; Kim, Daniel
2010 May;23(4):368-374, NMR in biomedicine
— id: 138388, year: 2010, vol: 23, page: 368, stat: Journal Article,

Automated 3D motion tracking using Gabor filter bank, robust point matching, and deformable models
Chen, Ting; Wang, Xiaoxu; Chung, Sohae; Metaxas, Dimitris; Axel, Leon
2010 Jan;29(1):1-11, IEEE transactions on medical imaging
— id: 134972, year: 2010, vol: 29, page: 1, stat: Journal Article,

Rapid B1+ mapping using a preconditioning RF pulse with TurboFLASH readout
Chung, S; Kim, D; Breton, E; Axel, L
2010 Aug 2010;64(2):439-446, Magnetic resonance in medicine
— id: 451492, year: 2010, vol: 64, page: 439, stat: Journal Article,

Rapid B(1) (+) mapping using a preconditioning RF pulse with TurboFLASH readout
Chung, Sohae; Kim, Daniel; Breton, Elodie; Axel, Leon
2010 Aug;64(2):439-446, Magnetic resonance in medicine
— id: 111368, year: 2010, vol: 64, page: 439, stat: Journal Article,

Highly-accelerated first-pass cardiac perfusion MRI using compressed sensing and parallel imaging
Otazo R.; Kim D.; Axel L.; Sodickson D.K.
2010 ;12:62-62, Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance
— id: 135284, year: 2010, vol: 12, page: 62, stat: Journal Article,

Combination of compressed sensing and parallel imaging for highly accelerated first-pass cardiac perfusion MRI
Otazo, Ricardo; Kim, Daniel; Axel, Leon; Sodickson, Daniel K
2010 Sep;64(3):767-776, Magnetic resonance in medicine
— id: 138195, year: 2010, vol: 64, page: 767, stat: Journal Article,

Non-gadolinium-enhanced 3-dimensional magnetic resonance angiography for the evaluation of thoracic aortic disease: a preliminary experience
Srichai, Monvadi B; Kim, Sooah; Axel, Leon; Babb, James; Hecht, Elizabeth M
2010 ;37(1):58-65, Texas Heart Institute journal
— id: 107791, year: 2010, vol: 37, page: 58, stat: Journal Article,

MRI of the microarchitecture of myocardial infarction: are we seeing new kinds of structures?
Axel, Leon
2009 May;2(3):169-170, Circulation. Cardiovascular imaging
— id: 138511, year: 2009, vol: 2, page: 169, stat: Journal Article,

Numerical and in vivo validation of fast cine displacement-encoded with stimulated echoes (DENSE) MRI for quantification of regional cardiac function
Feng, Li; Donnino, Robert; Babb, James; Axel, Leon; Kim, Daniel
2009 Sep;62(3):682-690, Magnetic resonance in medicine
— id: 101933, year: 2009, vol: 62, page: 682, stat: Journal Article,

Special section on the 12th International Conference on Medical Imaging and Computer Assisted Intervention. Editorial
Metaxas, Dimitris N; Axel, Leon
2009 Oct;13(5):771-772, Medical image analysis
— id: 138510, year: 2009, vol: 13, page: 771, stat: Journal Article,

CT and MR Appearances of Cardiac Pseudomasses: Imaging Pearls and Pitfalls (CME Credit Available)
Rueff, L; Srichai, M; Jacobs, J; Chandarana, H; Axel, L; Kim, D; Lim, R
2009 MAY ;192(5):646-651, American journal of roentgenology
— id: 99182, year: 2009, vol: 192, page: 646, stat: Journal Article,

Semiautomated segmentation of myocardial contours for fast strain analysis in cine displacement-encoded MRI
Chen, Ting; Babb, James; Kellman, Peter; Axel, Leon; Kim, Daniel
2008 Aug;27(8):1084-1094, IEEE transactions on medical imaging
— id: 80338, year: 2008, vol: 27, page: 1084, stat: Journal Article,

Fast motion tracking of tagged MRI using angle-preserving meshless registration
Chen, Ting; Wang, Xiaoxu; Metaxas, Dimitris; Axel, Leon
2008 ;11(Pt 2):313-320, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 91456, year: 2008, vol: 11, page: 313, stat: Journal Article,

Myocardial first-pass perfusion cardiovascular magnetic resonance: history, theory, and current state of the art
Gerber, Bernhard L; Raman, Subha V; Nayak, Krishna; Epstein, Frederick H; Ferreira, Pedro; Axel, Leon; Kraitchman, Dara L
2008 ;10(1):18-18, Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance
— id: 93972, year: 2008, vol: 10, page: 18, stat: Journal Article,

Tag separation in cardiac tagged MRI
Huang, Junzhou; Qian, Zhen; Huang, Xiaolei; Metaxas, Dimitris; Axel, Leon
2008 ;11(Pt 2):289-297, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 93966, year: 2008, vol: 11, page: 289, stat: Journal Article,

Comparison of the effectiveness of saturation pulses in the heart at 3T
Kim, Daniel; Gonen, Oded; Oesingmann, Niels; Axel, Leon
2008 Jan;59(1):209-215, Magnetic resonance in medicine
— id: 75184, year: 2008, vol: 59, page: 209, stat: Journal Article,

11th International Conference, New York, NY, USA, September 6-10, 2008. Proceedings, Part II. Preface
Metaxas, Dimitris; Axel, Leon; Fichtinger, Gabor; Szekely, Gabor
2008 ;11(Pt 2):V-VIII, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 93967, year: 2008, vol: 11, page: V, stat: Journal Article,

Medical image computing and computer-assisted intervention--MICCAI2008. Preface
Metaxas, Dimitris; Axel, Leon; Fichtinger, Gabor; Szekely, Gabor
2008 ;11(Pt 1):V-VII, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 93971, year: 2008, vol: 11, page: V, stat: Journal Article,

Images in cardiovascular medicine. Lyme carditis
Naik, Mohit; Kim, Danny; O'Brien, Francis; Axel, Leon; Srichai, Monvadi B
2008 Oct 28;118(18):1881-1884, Circulation
— id: 91481, year: 2008, vol: 118, page: 1881, stat: Journal Article,

Identifying regional cardiac abnormalities from myocardial strains using spatio-temporal tensor analysis
Qian, Zhen; Liu, Qingshan; Metaxas, Dimitris N; Axel, Leon
2008 ;11(Pt 1):789-797, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 93968, year: 2008, vol: 11, page: 789, stat: Journal Article,

Active volume models with probabilistic object boundary prediction module
Shen, Tian; Zhu, Yaoyao; Huang, Xiaolei; Huang, Junzhou; Metaxas, Dimitris; Axel, Leon
2008 ;11(Pt 1):331-341, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 93970, year: 2008, vol: 11, page: 331, stat: Journal Article,

LV motion and strain computation from tMRI based on meshless deformable models
Wang, Xiaoxu; Chen, Ting; Zhang, Shaoting; Metaxas, Dimitris; Axel, Leon
2008 ;11(Pt 1):636-644, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 93969, year: 2008, vol: 11, page: 636, stat: Journal Article,

Is subendocardial ischaemia present in patients with chest pain and normal coronary angiograms? A cardiovascular MR study
Axel, Leon
2007 Nov;28(21):2687; author reply 2688-2687; author reply 2688, European heart journal
— id: 93978, year: 2007, vol: 28, page: 2687; author reply 2688, stat: Journal Article,

2D motion analysis of long axis cardiac tagged MRI
Chen, Ting; Chung, Sohae; Axel, Leon
2007 ;10(Pt 2):469-476, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 75418, year: 2007, vol: 10, page: 469, stat: Journal Article,

Adaptive metamorphs model for 3D medical image segmentation
Huang, Junzhou; Huang, Xiaolei; Metaxas, Dimitris; Axel, Leon
2007 ;10(Pt 1):302-310, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 93974, year: 2007, vol: 10, page: 302, stat: Journal Article,

Ultrasound myocardial elastography and registered 3D tagged MRI: quantitative strain comparison
Qian, Zhen; Lee, Wei-Ning; Konofagou, Elisa E; Metaxas, Dimitris N; Axel, Leon
2007 ;10(Pt 1):800-808, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 93973, year: 2007, vol: 10, page: 800, stat: Journal Article,

Dynamic CMR cardiac anatomy: The 'cypress tree' papillary muscle root
Biederman, RW; Doyle, M; Axel, L
2006 OCT 31 ;114(18):778-778, Circulation
— id: 69564, year: 2006, vol: 114, page: 778, stat: Journal Article,

Theory-based signal calibration with single-point T1 measurements for first-pass quantitative perfusion MRI studies
Cernicanu, Alexandru; Axel, Leon
2006 Jun;13(6):686-693, Academic radiology
— id: 93980, year: 2006, vol: 13, page: 686, stat: Journal Article,

Using Gabor filter banks and temporal-spatial constraints to compute 3D myocardium strain
Chen, Ting; Axel, Leon
2006 ;1:4755-4758, Conference Proceedings (IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society)
— id: 93975, year: 2006, vol: 1, page: 4755, stat: Journal Article,

Multislice, dual-imaging sequence for increasing the dynamic range of the contrast-enhanced blood signal and CNR of myocardial enhancement at 3T
Kim, Daniel; Axel, Leon
2006 Jan;23(1):81-86, Journal of magnetic resonance imaging
— id: 66761, year: 2006, vol: 23, page: 81, stat: Journal Article,

A segmentation and tracking system for 4D cardiac tagged MR images
Metaxas, Dimitris N; Axel, Leon; Qian, Zhen; Huang, Xiaolei
2006 ;1:1541-1544, Conference Proceedings (IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society)
— id: 93976, year: 2006, vol: 1, page: 1541, stat: Journal Article,

Clinical application of a semiautomatic 3D fusion tool where automatic fusion techniques are difflicult to use
Noz, ME; Maguire, GQ; Zeleznik, MP; Olivecrona, L; Olivecrona, H; Axel, L; Srichai, MB; Moy, L; Murphy-Walcott, A
2006 ;4057:195-205, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 69353, year: 2006, vol: 4057, page: 195, stat: Journal Article,

Advances in MRI tagging techniques for determining regional myocardial strain
Pai, Vinay M; Axel, Leon
2006 Feb;8(1):53-58, Current cardiology reports
— id: 64784, year: 2006, vol: 8, page: 53, stat: Journal Article,

Boosting and nonparametric based tracking of tagged MRI cardiac boundaries
Qian, Zhen; Metaxas, Dimitris N; Axel, Leon
2006 ;9(Pt 1):636-644, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 93979, year: 2006, vol: 9, page: 636, stat: Journal Article,

Extraction and tracking of MRI tagging sheets using a 3D Gabor filter bank
Qian, Zhen; Metaxas, Dimitris N; Axel, Leon
2006 ;1:711-714, Conference Proceedings (IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society)
— id: 93977, year: 2006, vol: 1, page: 711, stat: Journal Article,

Comparison of left atrial volume and left atrial appendage contribution in patients with and without persistent atrial fibrillation
Srichai, MB; Jacobs, JE; Bernstein, N; Chinitz, L; Axel, L
2006 FEB 21 ;47(4):125A-125A, Journal of the American College of Cardiology
— id: 63302, year: 2006, vol: 47, page: 125A, stat: Journal Article,

Dense myocardium deformation estimation for 2D tagged MRI
Axel, L; Chen, T; Manglik, T
2005 AUG ;3504(8):446-456, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 98172, year: 2005, vol: 3504, page: 446, stat: Journal Article,

Tagged magnetic resonance imaging of the heart: a survey
Axel, Leon; Montillo, Albert; Kim, Daniel
2005 Aug;9(4):376-393, Medical image analysis
— id: 55960, year: 2005, vol: 9, page: 376, stat: Journal Article,

Three-dimensional systolic kinematics of the right ventricle
Haber, Idith; Metaxas, Dimitris N; Geva, Tal; Axel, Leon
2005 Nov;289(5):H1826-H1833, American journal of physiology. Heart & circulatory physiology
— id: 134943, year: 2005, vol: 289, page: H1826, stat: Journal Article,

Computational modeling and simulation of heart ventricular mechanics from tagged MRI
Hu, ZH; Metaxas, D; Axel, L
2005 AUG ;3504(8):369-383, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 98171, year: 2005, vol: 3504, page: 369, stat: Journal Article,

B(0) and B(1)-insensitive uniform T(1)-weighting for quantitative, first-pass myocardial perfusion magnetic resonance imaging
Kim, Daniel; Cernicanu, Alexandru; Axel, Leon
2005 Dec;54(6):1423-1429, Magnetic resonance in medicine
— id: 66762, year: 2005, vol: 54, page: 1423, stat: Journal Article,

A learning framework for the automatic and accurate segmentation of cardiac tagged MRI images
Qian, Z; Metaxas, DN; Axel, L
2005 OCT-DEC ;3765(4):93-102, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 98085, year: 2005, vol: 3765, page: 93, stat: Journal Article,

Magnetic resonance imaging in the management of pericardial disease
Srichai, Monvadi B; Axel, Leon
2005 Dec;7(6):449-457, Current treatment options in cardiovascular medicine
— id: 133569, year: 2005, vol: 7, page: 449, stat: Journal Article,

Saphenous vein graft aneurysm masquerading as a right atrial mass
Yatskar, Leonid; Rosenzweig, Barry P; Attubato, Michael; Axel, Leon; Tunick, Paul A; Kronzon, Itzhak
2005 Mar;22(3):263-265, Echocardiography
— id: 55961, year: 2005, vol: 22, page: 263, stat: Journal Article,

Assessment of pericardial disease by magnetic resonance and computed tomography
Axel, Leon
2004 Jun;19(6):816-826, Journal of magnetic resonance imaging
— id: 43745, year: 2004, vol: 19, page: 816, stat: Journal Article,

Cerebral perfusion CT techniques
Axel, Leon
2004 Dec;233(3):935; author reply 935-935; author reply 935, Radiology
— id: 138512, year: 2004, vol: 233, page: 935; author reply 935, stat: Journal Article,

Papillary muscles do not attach directly to the solid heart wall
Axel, Leon
2004 Jun 29;109(25):3145-3148, Circulation
— id: 47775, year: 2004, vol: 109, page: 3145, stat: Journal Article,

Pulmonary micronodule detection from 3D chest CT
Chang, S; Emoto, H; Metaxas, DN; Axel, L
2004 OCT 14 ;3217(2):821-828, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 98195, year: 2004, vol: 3217, page: 821, stat: Journal Article,

3D cardiac anatomy reconstruction using high resolution CT data
Chen, T; Metaxas, D; Axel, L
2004 NOV ;3216(11):411-418, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 46469, year: 2004, vol: 3216, page: 411, stat: Journal Article,

Increasing the signal-to-noise ratio in DENSE MRI by combining displacement-encoded echoes
Kim, Daniel; Epstein, Frederick H; Gilson, Wesley D; Axel, Leon
2004 Jul;52(1):188-192, Magnetic resonance in medicine
— id: 43743, year: 2004, vol: 52, page: 188, stat: Journal Article,

Gabor filter-based automated strain computation from tagged MR images
Manglik, T; Cernicanu, A; Pai, V; Kim, D; Chen, T; Dugal, P; Batchu, B; Axel, L
2004 OCT 14 ;3217(2):1064-1066, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 98196, year: 2004, vol: 3217, page: 1064, stat: Journal Article,

Quantification of the curvature and shape of the interventricular septum
Moses, Daniel A; Axel, Leon
2004 Jul;52(1):154-163, Magnetic resonance in medicine
— id: 43744, year: 2004, vol: 52, page: 154, stat: Journal Article,

Tagged MRI-based studies of cardiac function
Axel, L
2003 SEP 3 ;2674(9):1-7, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 38509, year: 2003, vol: 2674, page: 1, stat: Journal Article,

MR Imaging of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy: morphologic findings and interobserver reliability
Bluemke, David A; Krupinski, Elizabeth A; Ovitt, Theron; Gear, Kathleen; Unger, Evan; Axel, Leon; Boxt, Lawrence M; Casolo, Giancarlo; Ferrari, Victor A; Funaki, Brian; Globits, Sebastian; Higgins, Charles B; Julsrud, Paul; Lipton, Martin; Mawson, John; Nygren, Anders; Pennell, Dudley J; Stillman, Arthur; White, Richard D; Wichter, Thomas; Marcus, Frank
2003 ;99(3):153-162, Cardiology
— id: 43747, year: 2003, vol: 99, page: 153, stat: Journal Article,

Scan-conversion algorithm for ridge point detection on tubular objects
Chang, S; Metaxas, DN; Axel, L
2003 JAN ;2879(3):158-165, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 98217, year: 2003, vol: 2879, page: 158, stat: Journal Article,

Left ventricle composite material model for stress-strain analysis
Hu, ZH; Metaxas, D; Axel, L
2003 MAR ;2673(5):218-229, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 98231, year: 2003, vol: 2673, page: 218, stat: Journal Article,

In vivo strain and stress estimation of the heart left and right ventricles from MRI images
Hu, Zhenhua; Metaxas, Dimitris; Axel, Leon
2003 Dec;7(4):435-444, Medical image analysis
— id: 43746, year: 2003, vol: 7, page: 435, stat: Journal Article,

A finite element model for functional analysis of 4D cardiac-tagged MR images
Park, K; Metaxas, D; Axel, L
2003 JAN ;2878(1):491-498, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 42514, year: 2003, vol: 2878, page: 491, stat: Journal Article,

Biomechanical dynamics of the heart with MRI
Axel, Leon
2002 ;4(Pt 1):321-347, Annual review of biomedical engineering
— id: 43749, year: 2002, vol: 4, page: 321, stat: Journal Article,

Fast imaging of phosphocreatine in the normal human myocardium using a three-dimensional RARE pulse sequence at 4 Tesla
Greenman, Robert L; Axel, Leon; Ferrari, Victor A; Lenkinski, Robert E
2002 Apr;15(4):467-472, Journal of magnetic resonance imaging
— id: 43750, year: 2002, vol: 15, page: 467, stat: Journal Article,

In-vivo strain and stress estimation of the left ventricle from MRI images
Hu, ZH; Metaxas, D; Axel, L
2002 DEC ;2488(17):706-713, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 98215, year: 2002, vol: 2488, page: 706, stat: Journal Article,

LV-RV shape modeling based on a blended parameterized model
Park, K; Metaxas, DN; Axel, L
2002 NOV 14 ;2488(16):753-761, Medical image computing & computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI
— id: 42466, year: 2002, vol: 2488, page: 753, stat: Journal Article,

Penile leiomyosarcoma: sonographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings
Dobos N; Nisenbaum HL; Axel L; Van Arsdalen K; Tomaszewski JE
2001 May;20(5):553-557, Journal of ultrasound in medicine
— id: 43752, year: 2001, vol: 20, page: 553, stat: Journal Article,

Ultrafast three-dimensional contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography and imaging in the diagnosis of partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage
Ferrari VA; Scott CH; Holland GA; Axel L; Sutton MS
2001 Mar 15;37(4):1120-1128, Journal of the American College of Cardiology
— id: 43753, year: 2001, vol: 37, page: 1120, stat: Journal Article,

Validation of in vivo myocardial strain measurement by magnetic resonance tagging with sonomicrometry
Yeon SB; Reichek N; Tallant BA; Lima JA; Calhoun LP; Clark NR; Hoffman EA; Ho KK; Axel L
2001 Aug;38(2):555-561, Journal of the American College of Cardiology
— id: 43751, year: 2001, vol: 38, page: 555, stat: Journal Article,

Origin of a signal intensity loss artifact in fat-saturation MR imaging
Axel L; Kolman L; Charafeddine R; Hwang SN; Stolpen AH
2000 Dec;217(3):911-915, Radiology
— id: 43755, year: 2000, vol: 217, page: 911, stat: Journal Article,

Focal hypertrophic cardiomyopathy simulating a mass: MR tagging for correct diagnosis
Bergey PD; Axel L
2000 Jan;174(1):242-244, American journal of roentgenology
— id: 43760, year: 2000, vol: 174, page: 242, stat: Journal Article,

Dynamic cardiomyoplasty decreases myocardial workload as assessed by tissue tagged MRI
Blom AS; Pilla JJ; Pusca SV; Patel HJ; Dougherty L; Yuan Q; Ferrari VA; Axel L; Acker MA
2000 Sep-Oct;46(5):556-562, ASAIO journal
— id: 43757, year: 2000, vol: 46, page: 556, stat: Journal Article,

Three-dimensional motion reconstruction and analysis of the right ventricle using tagged MRI
Haber I; Metaxas DN; Axel L
2000 Dec;4(4):335-355, Medical image analysis
— id: 43754, year: 2000, vol: 4, page: 335, stat: Journal Article,

Assessment of synchronized direct mechanical ventricular actuation in a canine model of left ventricular dysfunction
Pusca SV; Pilla JJ; Blom AS; Patel HJ; Yuan Q; Ferrari VA; Prood C; Axel L; Acker MA
2000 Nov-Dec;46(6):756-760, ASAIO journal
— id: 43756, year: 2000, vol: 46, page: 756, stat: Journal Article,

Suppression of intravascular signal on fat-saturated contrast-enhanced thoracic MR arteriograms
Siegelman ES; Charafeddine R; Stolpen AH; Axel L
2000 Oct;217(1):115-118, Radiology
— id: 43758, year: 2000, vol: 217, page: 115, stat: Journal Article,

Cardiac-respiratory gating method for magnetic resonance imaging of the heart
Yuan Q; Axel L; Hernandez EH; Dougherty L; Pilla JJ; Scott CH; Ferrari VA; Blom AS
2000 Feb;43(2):314-318, Magnetic resonance in medicine
— id: 43759, year: 2000, vol: 43, page: 314, stat: Journal Article,

Fat suppression in MR imaging
Axel L
1999 Sep-Oct;19(5):1177-1177, Radiographics
— id: 43762, year: 1999, vol: 19, page: 1177, stat: Journal Article,

Validation of an optical flow method for tag displacement estimation
Dougherty L; Asmuth JC; Blom AS; Axel L; Kumar R
1999 Apr;18(4):359-363, IEEE transactions on medical imaging
— id: 43763, year: 1999, vol: 18, page: 359, stat: Journal Article,

Renal artery stenosis: evaluation with conventional angiography versus gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography
Gilfeather M; Yoon HC; Siegelman ES; Axel L; Stolpen AH; Shlansky-Goldberg RD; Baum RA; Soulen MC; Schnall MD
1999 Feb;210(2):367-372, Radiology
— id: 43765, year: 1999, vol: 210, page: 367, stat: Journal Article,

Extrinsic compression of the left main coronary artery by the pulmonary artery in patients with long-standing pulmonary hypertension
Kawut SM; Silvestry FE; Ferrari VA; DeNofrio D; Axel L; Loh E; Palevsky HI
1999 Mar 15;83(6):'367'-'372', American journal of cardiology
— id: 43766, year: 1999, vol: 83, page: '367', stat: Journal Article,

Cascaded MRI-SPAMM for LV motion analysis during a whole cardiac cycle
Park J; Metaxas DN; Axel L; Yuan Q; Blom AS
1999 Aug;55(2):117-126, International journal of medical informatics
— id: 43761, year: 1999, vol: 55, page: 117, stat: Journal Article,

Effect of dobutamine on regional left ventricular function measured by tagged magnetic resonance imaging in normal subjects
Scott CH; Sutton MS; Gusani N; Fayad Z; Kraitchman D; Keane MG; Axel L; Ferrari VA
1999 Feb 1;83(3):412-417, American journal of cardiology
— id: 43767, year: 1999, vol: 83, page: 412, stat: Journal Article,

Physics and technology of cardiovascular MR imaging
Axel L
1998 May;16(2):125-133, Cardiology clinics
— id: 43772, year: 1998, vol: 16, page: 125, stat: Journal Article,

Right ventricular regional function using MR tagging: normals versus chronic pulmonary hypertension
Fayad ZA; Ferrari VA; Kraitchman DL; Young AA; Palevsky HI; Bloomgarden DC; Axel L
1998 Jan;39(1):116-123, Magnetic resonance in medicine
— id: 43774, year: 1998, vol: 39, page: 116, stat: Journal Article,

Images in Cardiovascular Medicine. Scimitar syndrome
Ferrari VA; Reilly MP; Axel L; Sutton MG
1998 Oct 13;98(15):1583-1584, Circulation
— id: 43770, year: 1998, vol: 98, page: 1583, stat: Journal Article,

Prostatic abscess due to Aspergillus fumigatus: TRUS and MR imaging findings
Fisher ME; Nisenbaum HL; Axel L; Broderick GA
1998 Mar;17(3):181-184, Journal of ultrasound in medicine
— id: 43773, year: 1998, vol: 17, page: 181, stat: Journal Article,

Integrated MRI assessment of regional function and perfusion in canine myocardial infarction
Kraitchman DL; Young AA; Bloomgarden DC; Fayad ZA; Dougherty L; Ferrari VA; Boston RC; Axel L
1998 Aug;40(2):311-326, Magnetic resonance in medicine
— id: 43771, year: 1998, vol: 40, page: 311, stat: Journal Article,

Complete left ventricular wall motion estimation from cascaded MRI-SPAMM data
Park J; Metaxas DN; Axel L
1998 ;9 Pt 2(4):1063-1065, Medinfo
— id: 43764, year: 1998, vol: 9 Pt 2, page: 1063, stat: Journal Article,

Determination of global function and regional mechanics of dynamic cardiomyoplasty using magnetic resonance imaging
Pusca SV; Pilla JJ; Blom AS; Patel HJ; Dougherty L; Yuan Q; Ferrari VA; Axel L; Acker MA
1998 Sep-Oct;44(5):M491-M495, ASAIO journal
— id: 43769, year: 1998, vol: 44, page: M491, stat: Journal Article,

Elimination of Nyquist ghosts in MRI by using fast linogram imaging
Gai N; Axel L
1997 Nov-Dec;7(6):1166-1169, Journal of magnetic resonance imaging
— id: 43776, year: 1997, vol: 7, page: 1166, stat: Journal Article,

Analysis of left ventricular wall motion based on volumetric deformable models and MRI-SPAMM
Park J; Metaxas D; Axel L
1996 Mar;1(1):53-71, Medical image analysis
— id: 43768, year: 1996, vol: 1, page: 53, stat: Journal Article,

Imaging of the heart
Axel L
1995 Sep;2 Suppl 2(1):S150-S151, Academic radiology
— id: 43775, year: 1995, vol: 2 Suppl 2, page: S150, stat: Journal Article,

[Quantitative analysis of heart motions using MRI tagging]
Imai H; Masuda Y; Axel L
1994 Jul;52 Suppl(Pt 1):505-511, Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine
— id: 43748, year: 1994, vol: 52 Suppl, page: 505, stat: Journal Article,

Glossary of MR terms
Axel, Leon
Reston VA : American College of Radiology, 1991,
— id: 2068, year: 1991, vol: , page: , stat: ,

Orbital lesions: proton spectroscopic phase-dependent contrast MR imaging
Atlas SW; Grossman RI; Axel L; Hackney DB; Bilaniuk LT; Goldberg HI; Zimmerman RA
1987 Aug;164(2):510-514, Radiology
— id: 44097, year: 1987, vol: 164, page: 510, stat: Journal Article,

Glossary of NMR terms
Axel, Leon
Chicago IL : American College of Radiology, 1983,
— id: 2067, year: 1983, vol: , page: , stat: ,